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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱréddʰh₁eti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *ḱred- (heart) +‎ *-dʰh₁eti.

VerbEdit

*ḱréddʰh₁eti (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to believe, trust

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *ḱréddʰh₁eti
3rd plural *ḱréddʰh₁onti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ḱréddʰh₁oh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁om *ḱréddʰh₁ōh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁oyh₁m̥
2nd singular *ḱréddʰh₁esi *ḱréddʰh₁es *ḱréddʰh₁e *ḱréddʰh₁ēsi *ḱréddʰh₁oys
3rd singular *ḱréddʰh₁eti *ḱréddʰh₁et *ḱréddʰh₁etu *ḱréddʰh₁ēti *ḱréddʰh₁oyt
1st dual *ḱréddʰh₁owos *ḱréddʰh₁owe *ḱréddʰh₁ōwos *ḱréddʰh₁oywe
2nd dual *ḱréddʰh₁etes *ḱréddʰh₁etom *ḱréddʰh₁etom *ḱréddʰh₁ētes *ḱréddʰh₁oytom
3rd dual *ḱréddʰh₁etes *ḱréddʰh₁etām *ḱréddʰh₁etām *ḱréddʰh₁ētes *ḱréddʰh₁oytām
1st plural *ḱréddʰh₁omos *ḱréddʰh₁ome *ḱréddʰh₁ōmos *ḱréddʰh₁oyme
2nd plural *ḱréddʰh₁ete *ḱréddʰh₁ete *ḱréddʰh₁ete *ḱréddʰh₁ēte *ḱréddʰh₁oyte
3rd plural *ḱréddʰh₁onti *ḱréddʰh₁ont *ḱréddʰh₁ontu *ḱréddʰh₁ōnti *ḱréddʰh₁oyh₁n̥t
Participle *ḱréddʰh₁onts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *ḱréddʰh₁oh₂er *ḱréddʰh₁oh₂e *ḱréddʰh₁ōh₂er *ḱréddʰh₁oyh₂e
2nd singular *ḱréddʰh₁eth₂er *ḱréddʰh₁eth₂e *ḱréddʰh₁eso *ḱréddʰh₁ēth₂er *ḱréddʰh₁oyth₂e
3rd singular *ḱréddʰh₁etor *ḱréddʰh₁eto *? *ḱréddʰh₁ētor *ḱréddʰh₁oyto, *ḱréddʰh₁oyh₁o
1st dual *ḱréddʰh₁owosdʰh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁owedʰh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁ōwosdʰh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁oywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *ḱréddʰh₁omosdʰh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁omedʰh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁ōmosdʰh₂ *ḱréddʰh₁oymedʰh₂
2nd plural *ḱréddʰh₁edʰh₂we *ḱréddʰh₁edʰh₂we *ḱréddʰh₁edʰh₂we *ḱréddʰh₁ēdʰh₂we *ḱréddʰh₁oydʰh₂we
3rd plural *ḱréddʰh₁oror, *ḱréddʰh₁ontor *ḱréddʰh₁oro, *ḱréddʰh₁onto *? *ḱréddʰh₁ōror, *ḱréddʰh₁ōntor *ḱréddʰh₁oyro, *ḱréddʰh₁oyh₁n̥to
Participle *ḱréddʰh₁omnos

Derived termsEdit

  • *ḱreddʰh₁-éh₂

DescendantsEdit

  • Celtic: *kreddīti (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *krezdō (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1991) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 2), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 134f
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “crēdō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 141-142