Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/(s)pend-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly reanalyzed root of *(s)penh₁- (to spin (thread); to stretch) +‎ *-dʰh₁eti.[1]

RootEdit

*(s)pend-[2][3]

  1. to stretch

Derived termsEdit

  • *(s)pénd-e-ti (thematic root present)[1][4]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *spenˀstei
    • Proto-Italic: *pendō (see there for further descendants)
  • (perhaps) *(s)pond-éye-ti (causative)[5]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Proto-Slavic: *pǫditi (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)pn̥d-éh₁ye-ti
    • Proto-Italic: *pendēō (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)pénd-i-s ~ *(s)pn̥d-éy-s[6]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Proto-Slavic: *pę̑dь (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)pénd-os ~ *(s)pénd-es-
    • Proto-Italic: *pondos
      • Latin: pondus (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “pendō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 457
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “(s)pen-(d-)”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 988
  3. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “?2.*(s)pend-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 578
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “spęsti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 420
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pǫditi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 427
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pę̑dь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 398-399