This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructionsEdit



  1. to break
    Synonyms: *bʰeg-, *Hrewp-, *kelh₂-, *lem-, *lewǵ-

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰreg- (root present)
    • Proto-Germanic: *brekaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰr̥-ne-g- ~ *bʰr̥-n-g- (nasal-infix present)
  • *bʰreg-eh₂
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: brishtë, breshër
    • Proto-Germanic: *brōks (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Sanskrit (giri)-bhraj "breaking-forth (out of the mountains)[4]


  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[2], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. ^ "*Bhreg- | Origin And Meaning Of *Bhreg- By Online Etymology Dictionary". 2018. Etymonline.Com. Accessed December 22 2018. [3].