Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰeg-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Root 1Edit

*bʰeg-[1][2][3][4]

  1. to break
    Synonyms: *bʰreg-, *bʰrew-, *bʰrews-, *Hrewp-, *kelh₂-, *h₃lem-, *lewǵ-, *(s)kep-, *weh₂ǵ-, *wreh₁ǵ-

Alternative formsEdit

  • *bʰeng-

Derived termsEdit

Root 2Edit

*bʰeg-

  1. to bend, curve, arch ?
  2. to billow, swell

Alternative formsEdit

  • *bʰeng-

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰong-éh₂[12]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *bangā́ˀ (unless from the sense “to break” above[13])
      • Latvian: bañga, buôga (multitude, crowd, grove; downpour, cloud)
      • Lithuanian: bangà (billow, wave; multitude)
  • *bʰog-i-s
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *bakiz (brook; beach) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰong-i-s
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *bankiz (bulge, hillock; bench) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰong-ō
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *bankô (bank; hill)[12] (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰéng-ō ~ *bʰn̥g-n-és
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *bunkô (bump, heap; bunch, crowd) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰog-o-m
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *baką (back) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • >? Proto-West Germanic: *bakō (back), *bakkō (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bheg-, bheng-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 114-115
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeg-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 66-67
  3. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*bʰeg-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, page 6
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*bʰeg-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bego-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 60
  6. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “bekanem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 174-175
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “bengti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 86-87
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “baigti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 76
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “beigti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 86
  10. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “pkante*”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 439
  11. 11.0 11.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*baǰ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 3-4
  12. 12.0 12.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bankan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 51
  13. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “banga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 81