Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰeg-

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

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Root 1

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*bʰeg-[1][2][3][4]

  1. to break
    Synonyms: *bʰreg-, *bʰrew-, *bʰrews-, *Hrewp-, *kelh₂-, *h₃lem-, *lewǵ-, *(s)kep-, *weh₂ǵ-, *wreh₁ǵ-

Alternative forms

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  • *bʰeng-

Derived terms

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Root 2

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*bʰeg-

  1. to bend, curve, arch ?
  2. to billow, swell
  3. a body of water: river ~ marsh, bog ?

Alternative forms

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  • *bʰeng-

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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  • *bʰ-né-g-ti ~ *bʰ-n̥-g-énti (nasal-infixed present)
    • *bʰeng- (virtual root) (back-formed)
      • ? *bʰong-éh₂[12] (unless from the sense “to break” above[13])
        • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *bangā́ˀ
          • Latvian: bañga, buôga (multitude, crowd, grove; downpour, cloud)
          • Lithuanian: bangà (billow, wave; multitude)
      • *bʰong-i-s
        • >? Proto-Germanic: *bankiz (bulge, hillock; bench)[note 1] (see there for further descendants)
      • *bʰong-ō
      • *bʰéng-ō ~ *bʰn̥g-n-és
        • >? Proto-Germanic: *bunkô (bump, heap; bunch, crowd)[note 1] (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰog-i-s
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *bakiz (brook; beach) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰog-o-m
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *baką (back) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰóg-ō ~ *bʰg-né-s
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *bakô, *bakkô
      • >? Proto-West Germanic: *bakō (back), *bakkō (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: [Term?] (swamp, bog, marsh)
      • >? Lithuanian: bognà
      • Proto-Slavic: *bagnò (see there for further descendants)

Notes

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Alternatively from *bʰenǵʰ- (to swell, be thick), with devoicing in the Germanic oblique n-stems from *gn to *kk via Kluge's law, followed by degemination.

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959) “bheg-, bheng-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 114-115
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeg-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 66-67
  3. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S., Irslinger, Britta, Schneider, Carolin (2008) “*bʰeg-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, page 6
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P., Adams, D. Q. (2006) “*bʰeg-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*bego-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 60
  6. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) “bekanem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, pages 174-175
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) “bengti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 86-87
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) “baigti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 76
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) “beigti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 86
  10. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “pkante*”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 439
  11. 11.0 11.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007) “*baǰ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 3-4
  12. 12.0 12.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*bankan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 51
  13. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) “banga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 81