Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dewk-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*dewk- (imperfective)

  1. to pull, to draw
  2. to lead (i.e. to pull behind oneself)

Derived termsEdit

  • *déwk-ti ~ * duk-énti (root present) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dowk-éye-ti (causative)
    • Germanic: *taugijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *dewk-éh₂-ti
    • Germanic: *tugōną (see there for further descendants)
  • *dúk-s (root noun)
    • Italic: *duks
      • Latin: dux (see there for further descendants)
  • *duk-is ~ *duk-éys
    • Germanic: *tugiz (see there for further descendants)
  • *dewk-ón-s
    • Germanic: *tugô (leader, literally one who pulls along) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dewk-dʰló-s or *dewk-elo-s
    • Germanic: *tugilaz (rein) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dewk-tróm or *dewk-dʰróm
    • >? Germanic: *teudrą (tether, drawbar) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dowk-éh₂
    • Germanic: *taugō (cord) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: *duk-
      • Albanian: nduk (to draw (out), pluck)
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (tukzi-), [script needed] c (tukkanzi-, cultivation of plants and animals)
    • Hellenic:

ReferencesEdit

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “dūcō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 181
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*teuhan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 515
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*duk-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 108
  • Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “nduk”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, pages 288-289
  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*deu̯k-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 128