This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Locative singular case of the root noun *h₂énts (forehead, front).



  1. opposite
  2. near
  3. in front
  4. before

Related termsEdit


  • Albanian: ende (still, yet, therefore), edhe (and, also)
  • Proto-Anatolian: [Term?]
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ընդ (ənd, to, at, towards, by)
  • Proto-Germanic: *andi (and, also, against) (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hanti
  • Proto-Italic: *anti

Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “ḫant-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 287–289
  2. ^ According to Kloekhorst (2008: 289), Hittite ḫants is the regular continuation of the locative in *-i, whereas 𒄩𒀭𒋾 (ḫa-an-ti /ḫanti/, opposite, against; instead; apart) is a more recent formation from the synchronic dative–locative singular in Hittite.
  3. ^ Buck, Carl (1904) A grammar of Oscan and Umbrian, Ginn & Co, page 29