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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂wes-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*h₂wes-[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. to dwell, live, reside
  2. to stay, spend the night

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₂wés-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *h₂wés-ti ~ *h₂us-énti (athematic root present)
    • Hittite: [script needed] (ḫuišzi)[7]
  • *h₂(w)e-h₂wós-e ~ *h₂(w)e-h₂us-ḗr (stative)
  • *h₂í-h₂ews-e-ti (post-PIE reduplicated present with schwebeablaut)
  • *h₂wós-e-ti
    • Celtic: *woseti (see there for further descendants)
    • Tocharian: [Term?]
      • Tocharian B: wäs- (to stay, to wait)
  • *h₂wés-ti-s ~ *h₂us-téy-s
    • Germanic: *wistiz (essence, nature)
  • (perhaps) *h₂wós-tu
Unsorted formations
  • Anatolian: [Term?]
    • Hittite: 𒄷𒍑 (ḫu-uš)
    • Luwian:
      Anatolian Hieroglyphs: [Anatolian Hieroglyphs needed] (hwisar, game, wild beasts)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ագանիմ (aganim, to spend the night), գոյ (goy, being, existence; God), գոմ (gom, to exist)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Ancient Greek: ἄεσα (áesa, to pass the night)[8]
  • Italic: [Term?]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 293
  3. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 531
  4. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 202
  5. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1171
  6. ^ Watkins, Calvert (1985), “wes-”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  7. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 353-354
  8. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἄεσα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 25