Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wes-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

RootEdit

*wes- (imperfective)[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. to dress, clothe
DescendantsEdit
  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (waš-)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *was-
    • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *was-
    • Proto-Iranian: *wah- (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *wäs-
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

RootEdit

*wes- (imperfective)[7][8][9]

  1. to graze, consume, eat
Derived termsEdit
  • *wḗs-ti (acrodynamic present)
    • Latin: vēscor (to nourish oneself) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hittite: wesiyattari (grazes)
    • Proto-Germanic: *wesaną (to consume, feast) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wes-teh₂-
    • Proto-Celtic: *westā (food, feast) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wes-ti-
    • Proto-Germanic: *wistiz (provisions, food) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wes-ri-
    • Tocharian A: wäsri (pasture)
  • Unsorted formations:

Etymology 3Edit

RootEdit

*wes-[11][12][13]

  1. to sell
Derived termsEdit
  • *wés-ti ~ *us-énti (athematic root present)
    • Proto-Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [Term?] (/u̯a-a-ši/)
  • *we-wós-e ~ *we-wus-ḗr (perfect)[11]
    • Hittite: [Term?] (/wāsi/)
  • *wós-n̥ ~ *us-né-s (sale; price) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wes-ó-s (selling, trade)
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vestis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 671-672
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “u̯es”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 1172-1173
  4. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1. *u̯es-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 692-693
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἕννυμι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 428-429
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἑᾰνός 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 366
  7. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “3. *u̯es-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 693-694
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vēscor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  9. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1171
  10. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (1988) A Grammar of Gatha-Avestan, volume 1, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 80
  11. 11.0 11.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2.*u̯es-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 693
  12. ^ Weeks, David Michael (2006) Hittite Vocabulary: An Anatolian Appendix to Buck’s Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages. A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Philosophy in Indo-European Studies[1], Los Angeles, page 78
  13. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 981