Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/méǵh₂s

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

*méǵh₂s (oblique stem *m̥ǵh₂-)[1][2]

  1. big, great

InflectionEdit

Athematic, amphikinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *méǵh₂s *méǵh₂ih₂
genitive *m̥ǵh₂és *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *méǵh₂s *méǵh₂h₁(e) *méǵh₂es
vocative *méǵh₂ *méǵh₂h₁(e) *méǵh₂es
accusative *méǵh₂m̥ *méǵh₂h₁(e) *méǵh₂m̥s
genitive *m̥ǵh₂és *? *m̥ǵh₂óHom
ablative *m̥ǵh₂és *? *m̥ǵh₂mós
dative *m̥ǵh₂éy *? *m̥ǵh₂mós
locative *méǵh₂, *méǵh₂i *? *m̥ǵh₂sú
instrumental *m̥ǵh₂éh₁ *? *m̥ǵh₂mís
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *méǵh₂ih₂ *méǵh₂ih₂h₁(e) *méǵh₂ih₂es
vocative *méǵh₂ih₂ *méǵh₂ih₂h₁(e) *méǵh₂ih₂es
accusative *méǵh₂ih₂m̥ *méǵh₂ih₂h₁(e) *méǵh₂ih₂m̥s
genitive *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂s *? *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂oHom
ablative *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂s *? *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂mos
dative *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂ey *? *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂mos
locative *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂, *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂i *? *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂su
instrumental *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂h₁ *? *m̥ǵh₂yéh₂mis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *méǵh₂ *méǵh₂ih₁ *méǵh₂h₂
vocative *méǵh₂ *méǵh₂ih₁ *méǵh₂h₂
accusative *méǵh₂ *méǵh₂ih₁ *méǵh₂h₂
genitive *m̥ǵh₂és *? *m̥ǵh₂óHom
ablative *m̥ǵh₂és *? *m̥ǵh₂mós
dative *m̥ǵh₂éy *? *m̥ǵh₂mós
locative *méǵh₂, *méǵh₂i *? *m̥ǵh₂sú
instrumental *m̥ǵh₂éh₁ *? *m̥ǵh₂mís

Derived termsEdit

  • *méǵh₂-os ~ méǵh₂-es-
    • >? Proto-Celtic: *magos (plain, field) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *máȷ́ʰas
  • *méǵh₂-lo-s
  • (perhaps) *meǵh₂-r- (since -ար (-ar) and -αίρω (-aírō) were both productive in their respective languages, it may not be necessary to reconstruct an *-r- stem)
  • (perhaps) *m̥ǵh₂-ént-s
    • Proto-Italic: *engents (see there for further descendants)
  • *méǵh₂-yōs
  • *m̥ǵh₂-nós
    • Proto-Italic: *magnos (see there for further descendants)
  • *m̥ǵh₂-tós
    • Proto-Italic: *maktos (see there for further descendants)
  • *méǵh₂-mn̥-to-m
  • *méǵh₂-tlom

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 353
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “magnus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Schumacher, Stefan; Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 238
  4. ^ Koivulehto, Jorma. 2009. "Etymologisesti hämäriä -(is)tA-johdosverbejä, lainoja ja omapohjaisia". Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja 92, pp. 79–102.