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See also: BIG

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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From a northern Middle English dialectal term big, bigge (powerful, strong), of uncertain origin, possibly from a dialect of Old Norse. Compare dialectal Norwegian bugge (great man).

AdjectiveEdit

big (comparative bigger, superlative biggest)

  1. Of great size, large.
    Elephants are big animals, and they eat a lot.
  2. (of an industry or other field) Thought to have undue influence.
    There were concerns about the ethics of big science.
  3. Popular.
    That style is very big right now in Europe, especially among teenagers.
  4. (informal) Adult.
    Kids should get help from big people if they want to use the kitchen.
    • 1931, Robert L. May, Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer, Montgomery Ward (publisher), draft:
      By midnight, however, the last light had fled / For even big people have then gone to bed[.]
  5. (informal) Fat.
    Gosh, she is big!
  6. (informal) Important or significant.
    What's so big about that? I do it all the time.
    • 1909, Archibald Marshall, The Squire's Daughter, chapterII:
      "I was dragged up at the workhouse school till I was twelve. Then I ran away and sold papers in the streets, and anything else that I could pick up a few coppers by—except steal. I never did that. I always made up my mind I'd be a big man some day, and—I'm glad I didn't steal."
    • 2011 October 29, Neil Johnston, “Norwich 3-3 Blackburn”, in BBC Sport:
      It proved a big miss as Hoilett produced a sublime finish into the top corner of the net from 20 yards after evading a couple of challenges in first-half stoppage time.
  7. (informal, with on) Enthusiastic (about).
    I'm not big on the idea, but if you want to go ahead with it, I won't stop you.
  8. (informal) Mature, conscientious, principled.
    That's very big of you, thank you!
    I tried to be the bigger person and just let it go, but I couldn't help myself.
  9. (informal) Well-endowed, possessing large breasts in the case of a woman or a large penis in the case of a man.
    Whoa, Nadia has gotten pretty big since she hit puberty.
  10. (sometimes figuratively) Large with young; pregnant; swelling; ready to give birth or produce.
    She was big with child.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Joseph Addison (1672–1719)
      [Day] big with the fate of Cato and of Rome.
  11. (informal) Used as an intensifier, especially of negative-valence nouns
    You are a big liar.  Why are you in such a big hurry?
  12. (of a city) populous
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

AdverbEdit

big (comparative bigger, superlative biggest)

  1. In a loud manner.
  2. In a boasting manner.
    He's always talking big, but he never delivers.
  3. In a large amount or to a large extent.
    He won big betting on the croquet championship.
  4. On a large scale, expansively
    You've got to think big to succeed at Amalgamated Plumbing.
  5. Hard.
    He hit him big and the guy just crumpled.

NounEdit

big (plural bigs)

  1. Someone or something that is large in stature
  2. An important or powerful person; a celebrity; a big name.
  3. (as plural) The big leagues, big time.
    • 2004 June 23, Michelle Boorstein, “Ballclub^s Pullout Caps Va. Town^s Run of Woes; Struggling Martinsville No Longer Celebrates Its Boys of Summer”, in Washington Post:
      In the Appalachian League, where Cal Ripken once played in Bluefield, W.Va., a ballplayer's chances of making it to the bigs are less than one in six.
SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

big (third-person singular simple present bigs, present participle bigging, simple past and past participle bigged) (up)

  1. (transitive) To praise or recommend

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English biggen, byggen, from Old Norse byggja, byggva (to build, dwell in, inhabit), a secondary form of Old Norse búa (to dwell), related to Old English būan (to dwell). Cognate with Danish bygge, Swedish bygga.

VerbEdit

big (third-person singular simple present bigs, present participle bigging, simple past and past participle bigged)

  1. (transitive, archaic or Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) to inhabit; occupy
  2. (reflexive, archaic or Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) to locate oneself
  3. (transitive, archaic or Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) to build; erect; fashion
  4. (intransitive, archaic or Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) to dwell; have a dwelling

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English byge, from Old Norse bygg (barley, probably Hordeum vulgare, common barley), from Proto-Germanic *bewwuz (crop, barley). Cognate with Old English bēow (barley).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

big (uncountable)

  1. One or more kinds of barley, especially six-rowed barley.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

big m, f (plural biggen, diminutive biggetje n)

  1. piglet, little pig

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

big

  1. inflection of beag:
    1. vocative masculine singular
    2. genitive masculine singular
    3. (archaic) dative feminine singular

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
big bhig mbig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

big m (invariable)

  1. star (entertainment)
  2. big shot, big noise

LojbanEdit

PronunciationEdit

RafsiEdit

big

  1. rafsi of bilga (obliged).

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse byggja (inhabit, build).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

big (third-person singular present bigs, present participle biggin, past biggit, past participle biggit)

  1. to build

Torres Strait CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English big, cognate with (the first part of) Bislama bikfala, bigfala, Pijin bigfala, Tok Pisin bikpela.

AdjectiveEdit

big

  1. big

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

big

  1. Soft mutation of pig.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pig big mhig phig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Western ApacheEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Athabaskan *-wə̓t̕.

Cognates: Navajo -bid, Plains Apache -bid.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

big (inalienable, e.g., shibig "my belly", bibig "her/his/their belly")

  1. belly, stomach, abdomen

Usage notesEdit

  • The form -big occurs in the White Mountain varieties; -bid occurs in San Carlos and Dilzhe’eh (Tonto).