This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *pro-.

Prefix edit


  1. toward, forward

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *pra-
  • Proto-Iranian: *fra-
    • Avestan: 𐬟𐬭𐬀 (fra-)
    • Northern Kurdish: ra- (preverb)
    • Old Persian: 𐎳𐎼 (f-r /⁠fra-⁠/)
      • Middle Persian: [script needed] (fra-)
    • Parthian: [script needed] (fra-)