Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/Hŕ̥šah

This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hŕ̥ćšas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos.

Noun edit

*Hŕ̥šah m

  1. bear

Inflection edit

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *Hŕ̥šah *Hŕ̥šā *Hŕ̥šā
vocative *Hŕ̥ša *Hŕ̥šā *Hŕ̥šā
accusative *Hŕ̥šam *Hŕ̥šā *Hŕ̥šānh
instrumental *Hŕ̥šā *Hŕ̥šaybyaH *Hŕ̥šāyš
ablative *Hŕ̥šāt *Hŕ̥šaybyaH *Hŕ̥šaybyah
dative *Hŕ̥šāy *Hŕ̥šaybyaH *Hŕ̥šaybyah
genitive *Hŕ̥šahya *Hŕ̥šayāh *Hŕ̥šānam
locative *Hŕ̥šay *Hŕ̥šayaw *Hŕ̥šayšu

Descendants edit

  • Central Iranian:
    • Avestan: ⁧𐬀𐬭𐬴𐬀(arṣ̌a)
  • Northeastern Iranian:
    • Proto-Scythian: *ārši
      • Proto-Ossetic: *āršɨ
      • Proto-Saka-Wakhi: *ārri
        • Khotanese: [script needed] (arrä)
    • Proto-Sogdic:
      • Sogdian: [script needed] (ašša)
      • Yagnobi: аш ()
  • Southeastern Iranian:
    • Pashto: ⁧يږ(yëģ), ⁧يګ(yëg), ⁧هيږ(hiģ)
    • Proto-Shughni-Yazghulami-Munji:
  • Northwestern Iranian:
  • Southwest Iranian:
    • Old Persian: *r̥šah
      • Middle Persian: [Book Pahlavi needed] (hls /⁠xirs⁠/) (prothetic unetymological x-)
        • Lurish:
          Northern Luri: ⁧خئرس(xers)
          Bakhtiari: ⁧خرس(xers)
        • Classical Persian: ⁧خرس(xirs)
          • Iranian Persian: ⁧خرس(xers)
          • Judeo-Tat:
            Cyrillic script: хуьрс (xyrs)
            Hebrew script: ⁧כאורס(xyrs)
          • Tajik: хирс (xirs)
          • Khwarezmian: [script needed] (hrs /⁠*hirs⁠/)
          • Gilaki: ⁧خرس(xərs)
          • Sanglechi: xars
          • Talysh: ⁧خرس(xərs)
          • Wakhi: xers