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This Proto-Japonic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-JaponicEdit

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

*nə

  1. nominative and genitive case marker

Usage notesEdit

Japonic had two particles that as functioned as both nominative and genitive case markers, *nə and *-nka. According to Pellard (2018), reflexes of *-nka are typically used after pronouns in the daughter languages and reflexes of *nə are used elsewhere.[1] See the Proto-Ryukyuan entries for more specifics.

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Japanese: (no2)
    • Japanese: (no, (genitive case marker))
  • Ryukyuan: *no
    • Northern Ryukyuan: (no) (Haytong Ceykwukki, 1501)
      • Kikai: (nu)
      • Kunigami: (nu)
      • Northern Amami-Oshima: (nu)
      • Okinawan: (nu)
      • Oki-No-Erabu: (nu)
      • Southern Amami-Oshima: (nu)
      • Toku-No-Shima: (nu)
      • Yoron: (nu)
    • Southern Ryukyuan:
      • Miyako: (nu)
      • Yaeyama: (nu)
      • Yonaguni: (nu)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pellard, Thomas (2018), “Ryukyuan and the reconstruction of proto-Japanese-Ryukyuan”, in Handbook of Japanese historical linguistics, De Gruyter Mouton.