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See also: and か゚
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai GA.png
U+304C, が
HIRAGANA LETTER GA
Composition: [U+304B] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+304B]
Hiragana
[U+304D]

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1Edit

The hiragana character (ka) with a dakuten ().

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɡa̠]
  • IPA(key): [ŋa̠] (morpheme-medial alternative pronunciation)

SyllableEdit

(romaji ga)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ga). Its equivalent in katakana is (ga).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Japonic *-nka.

ParticleEdit

(rōmaji ga)

  1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
     (ねこ) (えさ) ()べた。
    Neko ga esa o tabeta.
    The cat [is the thing that] ate the cat food.
     (いぬ)いる。
    Inu ga iru.
    There is a dog.
     ()ある。
    Ki ga aru.
    There is a tree.
  2. conjunction ("but")
     (いぬ) ()きだ (ねこ) (きら)いだ。
    Inu wa suki da ga, neko wa kirai da.
    I like dogs but I hate cats.
  3. (historical, now Kagoshima) possessive used to connect nouns, most often seen in place names as ヶ.
    我々 (われわれ) (こころ)
    wareware ga kokoro
    our [collective] heart
     () () () (おか)
    Fujimigaoka
    Fuji View Hill
     (せき) (はら)
    Sekigahara
    Gateway Plains (site of the Battle of Sekigahara)
    おやっが
    oyagga
    father's
    あにょが
    anyo ga
    brother's
Alternative formsEdit
  • (historical possessive): (ga)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun]picture, drawing, painting
4
5
[noun]congratulation
6
[noun]the ego, self
[noun]self-righteousness
[noun](Buddhism) obstinacy
[noun](Hinduism) atman
[affix]self, oneself, myself
[affix]egotism, selfishness
[affix](Buddhism) atman
S
[affix]an animal's fang or tusk
[affix]an elephant's tusk: ivory
[affix]a tooth
S
S
[adjective]elegant
[noun]elegance
S
J
J
J
J
[noun]vehicle; horse-drawn carriage
H
[noun]a moth (insect similar to a butterfly)
H
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading が.