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This Proto-Semitic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *masak-. Compare Egyptian msk3 (skin, hide).



  1. skin


  • Akkadian: 𒋢 (mašku [KUŠ], skin, leather)
  • Arabic: مَسْك(mask, recently cut hide of a lamb or a kid)
  • Aramaic:
    Classical Mandaic: ࡌࡉࡔࡊࡀ(miška, skin), (sporadically) ࡌࡀࡔࡊࡀ(maška)
    Classical Syriac: ܡܫܟܐ(meškā, skin, hide; leather; peel; tribute)
    Jewish Babylonian Aramaic: מְשַׁךְ(mšaḵ), מַשְׁכָּא(maškā, skin, leather)
    Jewish Palestinian Aramaic: משך(mšk, hide, skin, leather)
    Judeo-Aramaic: משך(mšk), משכה(mškh, hide, skin, leather)
    Modern Aramaic: [script needed] (meškā, skin), [script needed] (miška, skin)
    Official Aramaic: 𐡌𐡔𐡊(mšk, skin, hide)
    Palmyrene: [Palmyrene needed] (mšk, skin, hide)
    • → Ancient Greek: μέσκος (méskos, skin, fleece) (or from another descendant)
    • → Old Armenian: մաշկ (mašk, skin, hide) (or from another descendant)
    • → Old Persian: 𐎶𐏁𐎣𐎠 (maškā-, (inflated) skin) (or from another descendant)
      • Middle Persian: mšk' (mašk, mussuck, skin bag)
        • Persian: مشک(mašk)
          • → Chagatai: [script needed] (mešk), [script needed] (mešik)
          • → Hindustani:
            Urdu: مشک(mašk)
          • → Northern Kurdish: meşk (skin bag)
          • → Ottoman Turkish: مشك(meşk)
  • Hebrew: משך(mäšäk, leather pouch) (with a meaning shift)


  • Tower of Babel
  • mšk”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Shooshtary, Dakhil (2012), “Skin”, in Mandaic Dictionary: English Mandaic, Bloomington: AuthorHouse, →ISBN, page 239
  • A. Militarev, L. Kogan. Semitic Etymological Dictionary. Vol. 1. Anatomy of Man and Animals. Münster, 2000, No. 190
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “մաշկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in hy), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 260
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in de), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 311