Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-iťь

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Comparison with Baltic languages points to antiquity of denominal formations:

SuffixEdit

*-iťь m

  1. Denominal, forming masculine attributables from action or agent nouns.
    *kъrma, *kъrmľa (fodder, breast milk)*kъrmiťь (nursling)
    *batę (elder bother), *baťa (father)*baťiťь (son who resembles his father)
  2. Denominal, forming masculine diminutives from masculine nouns.
    *kozьlъ (billy goat)*kozьliťь (kid goat)
    *otrokъ (boy)*otročiťь (child)
    *bogъ (god)*božiťь (juvenile god)
    *pъta (fowl)*pъtiťь (birdie)
  3. Denominal, forming patronyms and metronyms.
    Slovene: JanežJanežič
  4. Denominal, forming demonyms.
    Russian: Москва (Moskva)Москвич (Moskvič)
    Slovene: CelovecCelovčič, PodgoraPodgorčič
    *dręgy, *dręgъve (swamp) → Russian Дреговичи (Dregoviči) (East Slavic tribe)
    *obъ Odrě (around Oder)*obodriťь (Obotrites)
  5. Deadjectival, denoting a carrier of a property.
    *golъ (naked)*goliťь (something naked)
    *bělъ (white)*běliťь (something white)
  6. (by extension) Denoting a carrier of a property but with a diminutive meaning through a parallel word formation from deadjectival nouns and adjectives.
    *moldъ (young), *moldę (youngling)*moldiťь (youngling)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ичь (-ičĭ)
    • Old Novgorodian: -иць (-icĭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

ReferencesEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32