This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *gelH- (bald, naked), probably influenced by Proto-Indo-European *gel- (cold) (cf. Proto-Slavic *golъtь, *golotь (hoarfrost)) which explains the accent paradigm (AP b = non-mobile, non-acute in Balto-Slavic). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *kalwaz and Latin calvus (bald, hairless).

Probably, further akin to Ancient Greek γᾰλεός (galeós, dogfish), γαλέη (galéē, weasel), Latin glīs (dormouse) (getting their names due to their smooth skin/fur). Per Trubachev, a relation (via ablaut) to Proto-Slavic *žely (tortoise) is also possible. Georgiev (BER) and Pokorny (IEW) also draw comparison with Latvian gā̀ls (ice-smooth, slick), gàla (frost, thin layer of ice), which however exhibit enlonged grade.



  1. bald
  2. bare, naked, nude
    Synonym: *nagъ


Derived termsEdit


  • Non-Slavic:

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max, “го́лый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language]‎[2] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, 1964–1973
  • “*golъ(jь)”, in Trubačóv, Oleg, editor, Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages]‎[3] (in Russian), volume 07, Moscow: Nauka, 1980, page 14
  • гол¹”, in Georgiev Vl. I., editor, Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1971, page 261


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick, “*gòlъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 176: “adj. o (b) ‘naked’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas, “golъ gola golo”, in Common Slavic accentological word list[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander, 2001: “b nøgen (PR 136)”