See also: ik, IK, ik', and ik-

Contents

AbenakiEdit

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.

Usage notesEdit

  • Often used to form the plurals of words (especially nouns denoting people who have particular occupations or activities) which end in the consonant d or t (which causes the d or t to mutate into j: nodabônkad, "baker" → nodabônkajik, "bakers"); only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters (nodkwaag, notkwahag, "pilot" → nodkwaagik, notkwahagik, "pilots").
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *-ikko.

SuffixEdit

-ik ‎(genitive -iku, partitive -ikut)

  1. Derives nouns from numerals, with the meaning "group of".
    kaks ‎(two) → kaksik ‎(twin, group of two)
    kolm ‎(three) → kolmik ‎(triplet, group of three)
    neli ‎(four) → nelik ‎(quadruplet, four of a kind (poker), group of four)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Adjective suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. (adjective suffix) Specifies which one of a specific set of things/persons. Used with adjectives. See usage notes below.
    rosszabb ‎(worse) → a rosszabbik ‎(the worse one)
    más ‎(different) - másik ‎(another one) - a másik (“the other one”)
    A nagyobbik szobában Péter lakik. - In the bigger room lives Peter. (of a specific set of rooms)
Usage notesEdit
  • (adjective suffix) The -ik creates a determining adjective from a comparative adjective so it will answer to the question melyik? ‎(which?). In a few cases it takes not a comparative but a basic adjective, which already incorporates the idea of comparison (e.g. más ‎(different)). It is very often used with a definite article (a/az; "the").

Etymology 2Edit

Possessive suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. (possessive suffix) their ...-s (third-person plural, multiple possessions)
    kapu ‎(gate) → a kapuik ‎(their gates)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -ik is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -aik is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -eik is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jaik is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jeik is added to some front vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i

Etymology 3Edit

Personal suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. (personal suffix) The ending of a large group of passive/reflexive verbs in third-person singular present tense (indefinite conjugation). This is also the lemma form of these verbs.
    Sokat utazik. - He travels a lot.
  2. (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person plural present tense of verbs (definite conjugation).
    néz ‎(to look) → Nézik a tévét. - They are watching the television.
Usage notesEdit
  • (personal suffix, definite conjugation) See harmonic variants in the table below.
Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ik m

  1. Forms diminutive nouns.

DeclensionEdit

(personal nouns)

(other nouns)

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

SuffixEdit

-ik (Cyrillic spelling -ик)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

See alsoEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Presumably related to Finnish -ko.

ParticleEdit

-ik

  1. Interrogative particle. It is attached to the finite verb in yes-no questions, which is then placed first in the sentence.

VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-ik

  1. Used to form adjectives and determiners.
Read in another language