This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

Normally associated to *golъ (bare, naked) +‎ *-ěnь, from Proto-Indo-European *gelH- (bare, naked). If so, the original meaning would have been “bare bone”, per Brückner, perhaps in reference to the lack of muscles on the front of the shinbone.

An origin from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelH- (to project, to prod) also possible, semantically analogous to Proto-Slavic *bedro (thigh) from Proto-Balto-Slavic *béstеi (to prick, to stab). Akin terms in that case would be Lithuanian gãlas (end, extreme, tip), Latvian gals (tip, end).

Berneker and Mladenov also suggest distant relation to Ancient Greek γύαλον (gúalon, hollow structure, depression), γυῖον (guîon, limb) possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gew- (to crook, to bend). Rejected on phonetic ground by Trubachev (ESSJa).

Noun edit

*gȍlěnь f[2][3][1]

  1. shinbone
    Synonym: *piščalь
  2. (by extension) shank, crus (lower part of the leg between the knee and the ankle)
  3. (East Slavic) lower leafless part of tree crown (between the trunk and the true crown)

Alternative forms edit

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “го́лень”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1979), “*golenь/*goleno”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 6 (*e – *golva), Moscow: Nauka, page 201

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Snoj, Marko (2016) “golen”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, *gȍlěnь in *gȍlenь
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*golěnь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 174:f. i ‘shin’
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “golěnь”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:f. c skinneben (PR 138)