This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



According to R. Matasović[1], from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teg- (to cover) + *-mn̥, with eventual loss of pre-Slavic *g before *m. Vasmer and Snoj allude a possible relation to Proto-Slavic *tęti (to chop) from Proto-Indo-European *temh₂-, however, such a derivation is semantically dubious and does not explain the long *-ě-. Sometimes also compared to Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma, body) of uncertain origin (probably from Proto-Indo-European *tweH- (to swell), akin to Proto-Slavic *tylъ (back of the neck)).


*tě̀mę n[2][3]

  1. cranium



  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: тѣмѧ (těmę)

Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Matasović , Ranko (2010), “The loss of *g before *m in Proto-Slavic”, in Rasprave Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje 36/2[1], pages 299-306
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*těmę”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 492
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “teme”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *tě̋mę, rod. *tě̋mene”