Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/tretь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
 ←  2 3 4  → 
    Cardinal: *trьje
    Ordinal: *tretь
    Adverbial: *tri šьdy, *trijьťi, *trьje kortь
    Multiplier: *trojakъ, *trojьnъ, *trьje kortьnъ
    Collective: *trojь
    Fractional: *tretina

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *tretias, remodeled from *tirtias (preserved in Old Prussian) by analogy with the cardinal number,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥tyos.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian trẽčias, Latvian trešs, Old Prussian tīrts.

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit तृतीय (tṛtī́ya), Latin tertius, Ancient Greek τρίτος (trítos), Proto-Germanic *þridjô.

AdjectiveEdit

*tretь

  1. third

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: третии (tretii)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 497
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 497
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “тре́тий”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress