This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: *dъva
    Ordinal: *vъtorъ
    Adverbial: *dъva šьdy, *dъvojьťi, *dъva kortь
    Multiplier: *dъvojakъ, *dъvojьnъ, *dъva kortьnъ, *dъvogubъ
    Collective: *dъvojь
    Fractional: *polъ, *polovina

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *(h₁)witoros. Cognate with Sanskrit वितरम् (vitarám, again, further), Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬨(vītarəm, further).

Alternatively, from an older *vъntorъ (where the first part comes from Proto-Slavic *vъn), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ántaras, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énteros. In this case, cognate with Latvian otrs, Lithuanian añtras, añtaras (dialectal), Old Prussian antars.

Adjective edit


  1. second, secondary

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 532
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “второ́й”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress