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Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/tvьrdъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *twer- +‎ *-dъ. More at *twerH-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian tvìrtas (strong, firm, solid), Latvian tvir̂ts (strong, firm, solid).

AdjectiveEdit

*tvь̑rdъ

  1. hard, firm, solid

DeclensionEdit

Accent paradigm c.

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Non-Slavic languages:
    • German: Quarz (possibly)

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 501
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “твердый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “твёрдый”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 231