Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/hulis

This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West GermanicEdit


Unknown; possibly from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to sting, prick)[1][2], or perhaps borrowed from some substrate language[3]. Compare Old English holen (holly), Old Norse hulfr (holly), Proto-Celtic *kolinos (holly tree) (whence Old Irish cuilenn, Welsh celyn).


*hulis m

  1. holly


Masculine a-stem
Nominative *hulis
Genitive *hulisas
Singular Plural
Nominative *hulis *hulisō, *hulisōs
Accusative *hulis *hulisā
Genitive *hulisas *hulisō
Dative *hulisē *hulisum
Instrumental *hulisu *hulisum


  • Old Saxon: hulis
  • Old Dutch: *hulis
  • Old High German: hulis, huls, hulisa, huliso
  • Old French: hous (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) , “2. kel-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 545
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 376
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*hulisa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 253