AkkadianEdit

Root
'-š-r
2 terms

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Semitic *ʔaṯar- (footstep, trace). Cognate with Arabic أَثَر(ʾaṯar, trace, sign) and Biblical Hebrew אֲשֶׁר(ʔăšɛ́r, a relativizer), אֲתָר(ʔăṯɔ́r, site, location).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ašrum m or f (construct state ašar, plural ašrū m or ašrātum f) (from Old Akkadian on)

  1. place, site, location, setting, locale
    𒀀𒊬 𒀭𒌑𒅆a-šar dšam-ši /ašar Šamši/ ― in the open (literally, “"a sunny place"”)
    𒀀𒊭𒅈 𒅖𒋼𒂗a-ša-ar iš-te-en /ašar ištēn/ ― together, unanimously (literally, “in one place”)
  2. country, region, city, building

Alternative formsEdit

Cuneiform spellings
Logograms Phonetic

ReferencesEdit

  • ašru A”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956–2011
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (2000), “ašru(m)”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • Huehnergard, John (2011) A Grammar of Akkadian (Harvard Semitic Studies; 45), 3rd edition, Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns