See also: اثر‎, آثر‎, إثر‎, أتر‎, أبر‎, اتر, and ابر

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ء ث ر(ʾ-ṯ-r).

VerbEdit

أَثَّرَ (ʾaṯṯara) II, non-past يُؤَثِّرُ‎‎ (yuʾaṯṯiru)

  1. (construed with فِي()) to influence
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Semitic *ʔaṯar-. Cognate with Hebrew אֲשֶׁר(ʾăšĕ́r, a relative pronoun or relativizer), Ge'ez አሰር (ʾäsär), አሠር (ʾäśär, trace, vestige; way; relic), Aramaic אַתְרָא‎ / ܐܰܬܪܳܐ(ʾaṯrā, place; region; country), Akkadian 𒆠 (ašrum, place, site) and Ugaritic 𐎀𐎘𐎗 (ảṯr).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

أَثَر (ʾaṯarm (plural آثَار(ʾāṯār))

  1. trace, vestige
  2. sign, mark
  3. touch
  4. effect, action, influence, impression
  5. work of art
  6. ancient monument
  7. (religion) relic
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Azerbaijani: əsər
  • Bashkir: әҫәр (äθär, a literary or artistic work)
  • Bengali: আসর (asôr)
  • Kazakh: әсер (äser)
  • Kumyk: асар (asar)
  • Ottoman Turkish: اثر
  • Persian: اثر
  • Swahili: athari
  • Uzbek: asar

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

أَثُرْ (ʾaṯur) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of ثَارَ(ṯāra)

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

أُثِرْ (ʾuṯir) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of أَثَارَ(ʾaṯāra)

VerbEdit

أُثَرْ (ʾuṯar) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of أَثَارَ(ʾaṯāra)

VerbEdit

أَثِرْ (ʾaṯir) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of أَثَارَ(ʾaṯāra)

South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
ء ث ر

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Arabic أَثَّرَ(ʾaṯṯara).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʔaθ.θar/, [ˈʔaθ.θar]
  • IPA(key): /ʔas.sar/, [ˈʔas.sar]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

أثّر (ʔaṯṯar) (form II, present بأثّر(biʔaṯṯer), active participle مأثّر(mʔaṯṯer))

  1. to affect, to influence (+ في)
    الدوا مش مأثّر فيه.‎‎
    id-dawa miš mʔaṯṯer fīh
    The medicine doesn't affect him.
    (file)
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

ConjugationEdit

    Conjugation of أثّر (ʔaṯṯar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m أثّرت (ʔaṯṯart) أثّرت (ʔaṯṯart) أثّر (ʔaṯṯar) أثّرنا (ʔaṯṯarna) أثّرتو (ʔaṯṯartu) أثّرو (ʔaṯṯaru)
f أثّرتي (ʔaṯṯarti) أثّرت (ʔaṯṯarat)
present m بأثّر (baʔaṯṯer) بتأثّر (bitʔaṯṯer) بأثّر (biʔaṯṯer) منأثّر (minʔaṯṯer) بتأثّرو (bitʔaṯṯru) بأثّرو (biʔaṯṯru)
f بتأثّري (bitʔaṯṯri) بتأثّر (bitʔaṯṯer)
subjunctive m اأثّر (aʔaṯṯer) تأثّر (tʔaṯṯer) يأثّر (yʔaṯṯer) نأثّر (nʔaṯṯer) تأثّرو (tʔaṯṯru) يأثّرو (yʔaṯṯru)
f تأثّري (tʔaṯṯri) تأثّر (tʔaṯṯer)
imperative m أثّر (ʔaṯṯer) أثّرو (ʔaṯṯru)
f أثّري (ʔaṯṯri)