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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1753 (in the theological sense); attested in 1830 in the political sense. From absolute +‎ -ism after French absolutisme.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sə.luː.tɪz.m̩/, /ˈæb.sə.ljuː.tɪz.m̩/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.səˌluˌtɪz.m̩/, /ˈæb.səˌljuˌtɪz.m̩/
  • (file)

NounEdit

absolutism (countable and uncountable, plural absolutisms)

  1. (theology) Doctrine of preordination; doctrine of absolute decrees; doctrine that God acts in an absolute manner. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][1]
  2. (political science) The principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism. [First attested in the early 19th century.][1]
    • 1859, John Gorham Palfrey, chapter IV, in History of New England, volume I, page 217:
      The element of absolutism and prelacy was more controlling in the counsels of the rival corporation.
  3. (philosophy) Belief in a metaphysical absolute; belief in Absolute. [First attested in the late 19th century.][1]
  4. Positiveness; the state of being absolute.
  5. (rare) The characteristic of being absolute in nature or scope; absoluteness.
    • 2003, Ruth R. Wisse, The Modern Jewish Canon: A Journey Through Language, →ISBN:
      It was the absolutism of his ambition to be a perfect writer (and perhaps also the perfect son) that imperiled him.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 “absolutism” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 9.

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French absolutisme.

NounEdit

absolutism n (uncountable)

  1. absolutism

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

absolut +‎ -ism

NounEdit

absolutism c (uncountable)

  1. absolute monarchy (as a form of government), dictatorship
  2. the principle of abstaining from alcohol

DeclensionEdit

Declension of absolutism 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative absolutism absolutismen
Genitive absolutisms absolutismens

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit