Open main menu




From al- + -any, patterned after Latin subjectum. Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.[1]


  • IPA(key): [ˈɒlɒɲ]
  • Hyphenation: alany


alany (plural alanyok)

  1. (grammar) subject (word or word group that is dealt with)
    Az alany a két fő mondatrész egyike.The subject is one of the two main constituents of a sentence.
  2. subject (human, animal or an inanimate object that is being examined)
    kísérleti alanyexperimental subject


Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alany alanyok
accusative alanyt alanyokat
dative alanynak alanyoknak
instrumental alannyal alanyokkal
causal-final alanyért alanyokért
translative alannyá alanyokká
terminative alanyig alanyokig
essive-formal alanyként alanyokként
inessive alanyban alanyokban
superessive alanyon alanyokon
adessive alanynál alanyoknál
illative alanyba alanyokba
sublative alanyra alanyokra
allative alanyhoz alanyokhoz
elative alanyból alanyokból
delative alanyról alanyokról
ablative alanytól alanyoktól
Possessive forms of alany
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alanyom alanyaim
2nd person sing. alanyod alanyaid
3rd person sing. alanya alanyai
1st person plural alanyunk alanyaink
2nd person plural alanyotok alanyaitok
3rd person plural alanyuk alanyaik

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6