LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *atro-ek, from *h₂eh₁tro-h₃kʷs (having the appearance of fire), from *h₂eh₁tro- (suffixed, metathesized form of *h₂eh₁ter- (fire)) + *h₃ekʷ- (eye; to see). The first root also gives the cognates of Avestan 𐬁𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬱(ātarš, fire), Umbrian [script needed] (atru), Oscan [script needed] (Aadíriis), Irish áith (kiln).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

atrōx (genitive atrōcis, comparative atrōcior, superlative atrōcissimus, adverb atrōciter); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. fierce, savage, bloody
  2. heinous, cruel, severe
  3. terrible, frightening, dreadful

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative atrōx atrōcēs atrōcia
Genitive atrōcis atrōcium
Dative atrōcī atrōcibus
Accusative atrōcem atrōx atrōcēs atrōcia
Ablative atrōcī atrōcibus
Vocative atrōx atrōcēs atrōcia

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: atroç
  • English: atrocious
  • French: atroce
  • Galician: atroz
  • Italian: atroce
  • Romanian: atroce
  • Portuguese: atroz
  • Spanish: atroz

ReferencesEdit