See also: Severe and sévère

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French, from Latin severus (severe, serious, grave in demeanor).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

severe (comparative severer or more severe, superlative severest or most severe)

  1. Very bad or intense.
    Antonyms: mild, en, minor
    • 2012 January, Donald Worster, “A Drier and Hotter Future”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, archived from the original on 26 January 2012, page 70:
      Phoenix and Lubbock are both caught in severe drought, and it is going to get much worse. We may see many such [dust] storms in the decades ahead, along with species extinctions, radical disturbance of ecosystems, and intensified social conflict over land and water. Welcome to the Anthropocene, the epoch when humans have become a major geological and climatic force.
  2. Strict or harsh.
    Antonym: lenient
    a severe taskmaster
  3. Sober, plain in appearance, austere.
    a severe old maiden aunt
    severe clothing

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [seˈvere]
  • Rhymes: -ere
  • Hyphenation: se‧ve‧re

Adverb edit


  1. severely

Related terms edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /seˈvɛ.re/
  • Rhymes: -ɛre
  • Hyphenation: se‧vè‧re

Adjective edit


  1. feminine plural of severo

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit


  1. vocative masculine singular of sevērus

Verb edit


  1. third-person plural perfect active indicative of serō

References edit

  • severe”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • severe”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • severe in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

severe (Cyrillic spelling севере)

  1. vocative singular of sever