Albanian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Albanian *bardza, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵ- (to shine, whiten),[1] whence also Lithuanian brėkšti (to dawn), Proto-Slavic *brězgъ (dawn, daybreak), Proto-Germanic *berhtaz (bright, shining), Persian برازیدن (barâzidan, to beautify), Sanskrit भ्राजते (bhrājate, he shines). Possibly closely related to Illyrian Βάρδυλις (Bárdulis) and Messapic barzidihi, see the entries for more.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

i bardhë

  1. white
    Coordinate term: zi (black)
    kalë i bardhëwhite horse
    verë e bardhëwhite wine
    plepi i bardhëwhite poplar
  2. blank, unwritten
    çek i bardhëblank cheque
  3. lucky, fortunate
    ditë të bardha(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. pure, clean, immaculate

Declension edit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Bulgarian: барз (barz), ба́рзав (bárzav), бардз (bardz), ба́рдзав (bárdzav), бардзи́в (bardzív, neither white nor colourful, greyish and partially white)
  • Serbo-Croatian: bȁrz (a goat with white stripes), adjectives bàrzan, bȁrzav, bȁrzast (neither white nor colourful, greyish and partially white)
  • Turkish: barza

Noun edit

bardhë f (plural bardha, definite bardha, definite plural bardhat)

  1. white animal
  2. fair-skinned girl

Declension edit

Noun edit

bardhë f (plural bardha, definite bardha, definite plural bardhat)

  1. white (colour)
  2. white (of the eye). sclera
    In full: e bardha e syrit
  3. egg white, albumen
    In full: e bardha e vezës
  4. good deed
  5. (in the plural) Characters from folklore resembling girls living in forests, often mischievous when angry.

See more edit

Colors in Albanian · ngjyra (layout · text)
     bardhë      gri, hirtë      zi
             kuqe; skuqem              portokalle; bojë kafe              verdhë; krem; lylc
                          gjelbër; blertë             
             cijan, kaltër              kaltër              blu
             vjollcë; llullaq              magentë; purpurtë              rozë; trëndafil

References edit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “bardhë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 17

Further reading edit

  • bardhë”, in FGJSH: Fjalor i gjuhës shqipe [Dictionary of the Albanian language] (in Albanian), 2006