See also: Barrio, barrió, and bario

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish barrio, that from Arabic بَرِّيّ(barriyy, wild).

NounEdit

barrio (plural barrios)

  1. (Venezuela, Dominican Republic) A slum on the periphery of a major city; a low to middle-class neighborhood in a lesser city.
  2. (Spanish America) A municipality or subdivision of a municipality.
  3. (Philippines) A barangay.
    • 2008, Resil B. Mojares, Beast in the Fields, Gémino H. Abad (editor), Upon Our Own Ground: Filipino short stories in English: 1956 to 1972, page 413,
      In the barrio, they talked excitedly about the wood-gatherer's discovery. There was so much pushing and quibbling over details that by the time the barrio had organized itself to set out for Salug to investigate, dusk had already fallen.
  4. (informal, US) An area or neighborhood in a US city inhabited predominantly by Spanish-speakers or people of Hispanic origin.
    • 1993, Diego Vigil, The Established Gang, Scott Cummings, Daniel J. Monti (editors), Gangs: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States, page 98,
      After World War II, its prospering working-class white residents moved to other, more upscale suburban developments, and by the 1950s the area had become an isolated ethnic enclave with its own barrio gang.
    • 1993, “Mr. Jones”, performed by Counting Crows:
      Mr. Jones and me, stumbling through the barrio

Classical NahuatlEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish barrio.

NounEdit

barrio

  1. A district of an altepetl.

ReferencesEdit

  • Lockhart, James. (2001) Nahuatl as Written, Stanford University Press, p. 211.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From barrus (elephant).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

barriō (present infinitive barrīre, perfect active barrīvī, supine barrītum); fourth conjugation, no passive

  1. (intransitive, Late Latin) to make the sound of an elephant

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of barriō (fourth conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present barriō barrīs barrit barrīmus barrītis barriunt
imperfect barriēbam barriēbās barriēbat barriēbāmus barriēbātis barriēbant
future barriam barriēs barriet barriēmus barriētis barrient
perfect barrīvī barrīvistī barrīvit barrīvimus barrīvistis barrīvērunt,
barrīvēre
pluperfect barrīveram barrīverās barrīverat barrīverāmus barrīverātis barrīverant
future perfect barrīverō barrīveris barrīverit barrīverimus barrīveritis barrīverint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present barriam barriās barriat barriāmus barriātis barriant
imperfect barrīrem barrīrēs barrīret barrīrēmus barrīrētis barrīrent
perfect barrīverim barrīverīs barrīverit barrīverīmus barrīverītis barrīverint
pluperfect barrīvissem barrīvissēs barrīvisset barrīvissēmus barrīvissētis barrīvissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present barrī barrīte
future barrītō barrītō barrītōte barriuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives barrīre barrīvisse barrītūrum esse
participles barriēns barrītūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
barriendī barriendō barriendum barriendō barrītum barrītū

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • barrio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • barrio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Andalusian Arabic بَرِّيّ(barriyy, exterior), referring to the outer, surrounding or less civilized or urbanized parts of a city, from classical Arabic بَرِّيّ(barriyy, wild). Compare Portuguese bairro, Catalan barri.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbarjo/ [ˈba.rjo]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -arjo
  • Hyphenation: ba‧rrio

NounEdit

barrio m (plural barrios)

  1. neighbourhood
    Synonym: vecindario
    un barrio de clase mediaa middle-class neighborhood
  2. (Mexico) any neighbourhood of the original or ancient part of a city (usually excluding new growth after the 1930s, 40s or 50s, depending on the state or city)
  3. (Venezuela, Dominican Republic) slum

Usage notesEdit

  • In Mexico it has postal value and is obligatory (or else the colonia or fraccionamiento is), alongside the postal code.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Cebuano: baryo
  • Classical Nahuatl: barrio
  • English: barrio
  • Maranao: bariyo
  • Tagalog: baryo

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit