- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɑːstəd ˈstɹæŋɡ(ə)lz/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbæstɚd ˈstɹæŋɡəlz/
- Hyphenation: bast‧ard stran‧gles
- (veterinary medicine) A form of strangles, a bacterial upper respiratory tract infection of horses potentially causing airway obstruction, that has spread to other parts of the body and caused abscesses.
- 1735, “EYE of a horse”, in The Sportsman’s Dictionary: Or, The Country Gentleman’s Companion, in All Rural Recreations: […], volume I, London: Printed for C. Hitch, […], and C. Davis, […]; and S. Austin, […], OCLC 723151341, paragraph 3:
- When horſes have either the real or baſtard ſtrangles, or are changing their foal teeth, or are putting out their upper tuſhes, ſome of them have their ſight weak and troubled, […]
- 1742, Henry Bracken, “Of the Bastard Strangles”, in Farriery Improv’d: Or, A Compleat Treatise upon the Art of Farriery. […], London: Printed for J. Clarke […]; and J. Shuckburgh […], OCLC 518955745, page 29:
- Monſieur Solleyſell, as well as our own Countryman Mr. Markham, has accounted for the Baſtard Strangles in a very odd kind of Manner.
- 1878, William Williams, “Terminations of Inflammation—Continued”, in The Principles and Practice of Veterinary Surgery, 2nd revised and enlarged edition, New York, N.Y.: Wm. Wood & Co. […], OCLC 19423223, page 43:
- The origin of the term strangles arises from the fact that in some cases it is associated with symptoms of choking or strangulation, and it was divided by the old writers into simple and bastard strangles; the first form being that which ran a regular course, and the second consisting in the formation of multiple or successive abscesses. […] Irregular or bastard strangles, on the other hand, is a very grave affection, in which the connective tissue of the lymphatics of the submaxillary region, and sometimes the salivary glands, are the seat of acute suppurative inflammation, […]
- 2004, Bonnie Rush; Tim Mair, “Strangles”, in Equine Respiratory Diseases, Oxford; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science, →ISBN, section III (Contagious Respiratory Diseases), page 164:
- The most common complication is bastard strangles, metastatic spread of the infection to lymph nodes and organs other than the nodes of the head.
- 2005, Will A. Hadden III, “Head and Neck”, in Cheryl Rogers and G. Jeanne Wilcox, editors, Horseman’s Veterinary Encyclopedia, revised and updated edition, Guilford, Conn.: The Lyons Press, →ISBN, page 352:
- Isolation of infected animals can prevent epidemics of strangles and is recommended for new additions to a herd or group. In some horses, purpura hemorrhagica and even bastard strangles may follow vaccination, though this is relatively rare.
- 2011, P[atrick] J. Quinn [et al.], “Streptococci”, in Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease, 2nd edition, Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, →ISBN, section III (Pathogenic Bacteria), page 192, column 1:
- Bastard strangles, in which abscessation develops in many organs, is a serious complication in about 1% of affected animals.
form of strangles that has spread to other parts of the body