Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: bruþ and bruth-

Contents

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish bruth, from Proto-Celtic *brutus (fermentation, boiling heat), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁-.[1]

NounEdit

bruth m (genitive singular brutha, nominative plural bruthanna)

  1. heat
  2. rash, eruption
  3. (textiles) nap, pile, covering
  4. surf
DeclensionEdit
Alternative formsEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bruth f (genitive singular as substantive bruithe, genitive as verbal noun bruite)

  1. Alternative form of bruith

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bruth bhruth mbruth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "bruth" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 bruth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 81–82

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *brutus (fermentation, boiling heat), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bruth m

  1. raging, violent or boiling heat
  2. blaze, (fiery) glow

InflectionEdit

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bruth bruth
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbruth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • 1 bruth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 81–82