Alternative formsEdit


Cognate with Ancient Greek κᾰ́πηλος (kápēlos), possibly from Pre-Greek, likely borrowed separately. A derivation of either from Proto-Indo-European *kʷreyh₂- (to buy), whence ἐπρῐάμην (epriámēn) as suppletive aorist of ὠνέομαι (ōnéomai, to buy), seems far-fetched. Beekes mentions, Furnee offers Hittite 𒄩𒀊𒉺𒅈 (ḫappar, purchase, price) as a comparandum, in which case the IE derivation would be *h₃ep-, whence ops (power) and Homeric Ancient Greek ἀφνειός (aphneiós, rich, wealthy), although also speculative. Gemoll considers a connection to Ancient Greek κάπτω (káptō, gulp down, snap). This noun is also masculine.



caupō m (genitive caupōnis, feminine caupōna); third declension

  1. tradesman
  2. innkeeper, shopkeeper, tavern-keeper


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative caupō caupōnēs
Genitive caupōnis caupōnum
Dative caupōnī caupōnibus
Accusative caupōnem caupōnēs
Ablative caupōne caupōnibus
Vocative caupō caupōnēs


  • Proto-Germanic: *kaupô (innkeeper; merchant) (see there for further descendants)


  • caupo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caupo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caupo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • caupo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • caupo”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caupo”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Furnée, Edzard Johan (1972) Die wichtigsten konsonantischen Erscheinungen des Vorgriechische (Janua linguarum. Series practica; 150) (in German), The Hague and Paris: Mouton, page 302
  • Wilhelm Gemoll: Griechisch-deutsches Schul- und Handwörterbuch. öbv & hpt / Oldenbourg, Vienna and Munich 91965, p. 407.