From Proto-Baltic *kyaur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kew- ‎(to cut, to separate, to scrape, to dig) with an extra -r. The sense evolution was probably “to cut, to dig” → “to prickle.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiáuras.[1]




caurs (def. caurais, comp. caurāks, sup. viscaurākais; adv. cauri)

  1. having a hole or holes
    caurs spainis, jumtsleaky bucket, roof
    caura kaste — box with a hole on it
    cauras zeķes, kurpes — socks, shoes with holes on them
    koks ar cauru vidu — tree with a hole in the middle
  2. having been damaged
    caura būdadamaged hut
    pirts bija tik veca un caura — the bath(house) was so old and damaged
    caurs zobsdamaged tooth
  3. all (the time), without interruptions, throughout
    ceļot visu cauru gadu — to travel the whole year, all through, throughout the year
    strādāt caurām dienām — to work all day


Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “caurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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