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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *kyaur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kew- (to cut, to separate, to scrape, to dig) with an extra -r. The sense evolution was probably “to cut, to dig” → “to prickle.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiáuras.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

caurs (def. caurais, comp. caurāks, sup. viscaurākais; adv. cauri)

  1. having a hole or holes
    caurs spainis, jumtsleaky bucket, roof
    caura kastebox with a hole on it
    cauras zeķes, kurpessocks, shoes with holes on them
    koks ar cauru vidu — tree with a hole in the middle
  2. having been damaged
    caura būdadamaged hut
    pirts bija tik veca un caurathe bath(house) was so old and damaged
    caurs zobsdamaged tooth
  3. all (the time), without interruptions, throughout
    ceļot visu cauru gaduto travel the whole year, all through, throughout the year
    strādāt caurām dienāmto work all day

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “caurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7