See also: Hole, holé, and hòle

English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English hole, hol, from Old English hol (orifice, hollow place, cavity), from Proto-West Germanic *hol, from Proto-Germanic *hulą (hollow space, cavity), noun derivative of Proto-Germanic *hulaz (hollow), which is of uncertain ultimate origin. Related to hollow.

Noun edit

hole (plural holes)

  1. A hollow place or cavity; an excavation; a pit; a dent; a depression; a fissure.
    I made a blind hole in the wall for a peg.  I dug a hole and planted a tree in it.
    • c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene vii]:
      To be called into a huge sphere, and not to be seen to move in't, are the holes where eyes should be, which pitifully disaster the cheeks.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  2. An opening that goes all the way through a solid body, a fabric, etc.; a perforation; a rent.
    There’s a hole in my shoe.  Her stocking has a hole in it.
  3. (heading) In games.
    1. (golf) A subsurface standard-size hole, also called cup, hitting the ball into which is the object of play. Each hole, of which there are usually eighteen as the standard on a full course, is located on a prepared surface, called the green, of a particular type grass.
    2. (golf) The part of a game in which a player attempts to hit the ball into one of the holes.
      I played 18 holes yesterday.  The second hole today cost me three strokes over par.
    3. (baseball) The rear portion of the defensive team between the shortstop and the third baseman.
      The shortstop ranged deep into the hole to make the stop.
    4. (chess) A square on the board, with some positional significance, that a player does not, and cannot in the future, control with a friendly pawn.
    5. (stud poker) A card (also called a hole card) dealt face down thus unknown to all but its holder; the status in which such a card is.
    6. In the game of fives, part of the floor of the court between the step and the pepperbox.
  4. (archaeology, slang) An excavation pit or trench.
  5. (figuratively) A weakness; a flaw or ambiguity.
    I have found a hole in your argument.
    • 2011, Fun (lyrics and music), “We Are Young”:
      But between the drinks and subtle things / The holes in my apologies, you know / I’m trying hard to take it back
  6. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (informal) A container or receptacle.
    car hole;  brain hole
  7. (physics) In semiconductors, a lack of an electron in an occupied band behaving like a positively charged particle.
  8. (computing) A security vulnerability in software which can be taken advantage of by an exploit.
  9. (slang, derogatory) A person's mouth.
    Just shut your hole!
  10. (slang) Any bodily orifice, in particular the anus.
  11. (Ireland, Scotland, particularly in the phrase "get one's hole") Sex, or a sex partner.
    Are you going out to get your hole tonight?
  12. (informal, with "the") Solitary confinement, a high-security prison cell often used as punishment.
    Synonym: box
    • 1988 April 2, Ed Mead, “AIDS hysteria sweeps prison guards' union”, in Gay Community News, page 9:
      In late December a Washington State prisoner was involved in a scuffle with a guard who was trying to take him into the hole.
    • 2011, Ahmariah Jackson, IAtomic Seven, Locked Up but Not Locked Down:
      Disciplinary actions can range from a mere write up to serious time in the hole.
  13. (slang) An undesirable place to live or visit.
    His apartment is a hole!
    • 1887, Harriet W. Daly, Digging, Squatting, and Pioneering Life in the Northern Territory of South Australia, page 109:
      I have often heard people say, "One can't live upon a view," and I have heard some of the most beautiful places called "awful holes," simply because of the monotonous lives led in them.
  14. (figurative) Difficulty, in particular, debt.
    If you find yourself in a hole, stop digging.
  15. (graph theory) A chordless cycle in a graph.
  16. (slang, rail transport) A passing loop; a siding provided for trains traveling in opposite directions on a single-track line to pass each other.
    We’re supposed to take the hole at Cronk and wait for the Limited to pass.
  17. (Canada, US, historical) A mountain valley.
    Jackson Hole
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Terms derived from hole (noun)
Descendants edit
  • Japanese: ホール (hōru)
  • Korean: (hol)
  • Sranan Tongo: olo
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

hole (third-person singular simple present holes, present participle holing, simple past and past participle holed)

  1. (transitive) To make holes in (an object or surface).
    Shrapnel holed the ship's hull.
  2. (transitive, by extension) To destroy.
    She completely holed the argument.
  3. (intransitive) To go into a hole.
    • 1631, Ben Jonson, The Staple of News, act IV, scene ii:
      Good master Picklock, with your worming brain,
      And wriggling engine-head of maintenance,
      Which I shall see you hole with very shortly!
      A fine round head, when those two lugs are off,
      To trundle through a pillory!
  4. (transitive) To drive into a hole, as an animal, or a billiard ball or golf ball.
    • 1799, Sporting Magazine, volume 13, page 49:
      If the player holes the red ball, he scores three, and upon holing his adversary's ball, he gains two; and thus it frequently happens, that seven are got upon a single stroke, by caramboling and holing both balls.
    Woods holed a standard three foot putt
  5. (transitive) To cut, dig, or bore a hole or holes in.
    to hole a post for the insertion of rails or bars
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Adjective edit

hole (comparative holer or more hole, superlative holest or most hole)

  1. Obsolete spelling of whole.
    • 1843, Sir George Webbe Dasent (translator), A grammar of the Icelandic or Old Norse tongue (originally by Rasmus Christian Rask)
      Such was the arrangement of the alphabet over the hole North.
  2. Misspelling of whole.

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

hole

  1. inflection of hůl:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

hole

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of holit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

hole

  1. inflection of holen:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular subjunctive I
    3. singular imperative

Hausa edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /hóː.lèː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [hóː.lèː]

Verb edit

hōlḕ (grade 4)

  1. to relax, to enjoy oneself

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English hāl.

Adjective edit

hole

  1. healthy
  2. safe
  3. whole, complete, full
Alternative forms edit
References edit

Adverb edit

hole

  1. wholly
Alternative forms edit
References edit

Noun edit

hole (plural holes)

  1. whole, entirety
  2. health
  3. remedy, cure
Alternative forms edit
References edit

Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old English hol.

Noun edit

hole (plural holes or holen)

  1. hole
Alternative forms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: hole (see there for further descendants)
  • Scots: hole
  • Yola: hullès (plural)

References edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old English hulu; see hull for more.

Noun edit

hole (plural holes)

  1. hull (outer covering of a fruit or seed)
  2. hut, shelter
  3. hull (of a ship)
Alternative forms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

Etymology 4 edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

hole

  1. past participle of helen (to cover)
    Synonym: heled

Etymology 5 edit

Adjective edit

hole

  1. Alternative form of hol (hollow)

Etymology 6 edit

Noun edit

hole (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of oile (oil)

Etymology 7 edit

Noun edit

hole (plural holen)

  1. Alternative form of oule (owl)

Etymology 8 edit

Adjective edit

hole

  1. Alternative form of holy (holy)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse hola.

Noun edit

hole f or m (definite singular hola or holen, indefinite plural holer, definite plural holene)

  1. alternative form of hule

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Alternative forms edit

  • hòle

Etymology edit

From Old Norse hola.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hole f (definite singular hola, indefinite plural holer, definite plural holene)

  1. a cave
  2. a cavity (anatomy)
  3. a den

Derived terms edit

References edit

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German holen, from Old High German holon, from Proto-West Germanic *holōn (to fetch). Compare German holen, Dutch halen. Related to English haul.

Verb edit

hole

  1. to fetch

Slovak edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hole f

  1. inflection of hoľa:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

Sotho edit

Noun edit

hole class 17 (uncountable)

  1. far away

Yola edit

Verb edit

hole

  1. Alternative form of helt
    • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 3, page 84:
      Yith Muzleare had ba hole, t'was mee Tommeen,
      If Good-for-little had been buried, it had been my Tommy,

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 47