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Borrowed from Old French damage (Modern French dommage), from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum.


  • IPA(key): /ˈdæmɪdʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æmɪdʒ
  • Hyphenation: dam‧age


damage (countable and uncountable, plural damages)

  1. Injury or harm; the condition or measure of something not being intact.
    The storm did a lot of damage to the area.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Friendship
      Great errors and absurdities many {{..}}commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great damage both of their fame and fortune.
  2. (slang) Cost or expense.
    "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter.

Usage notesEdit

Currently it is only used as uncountable,[1][2][3][4][5] with the exception of its plural. There are few examples for its countable (singular) use.[6]

Related termsEdit



damage (third-person singular simple present damages, present participle damaging, simple past and past participle damaged)

  1. (transitive) To impair the soundness, goodness, or value of; to harm or cause destruction.
    Be careful not to damage any of the fragile items while unpacking them.
    Cold temperatures, heavy rain, falling rocks, strong winds and glacier movement can damage the equipment.
    • 1774, Edward Long, The History of Jamaica. Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island, volume 2, book 2, chapter 7, 5:
      The building was erected in two years, at the parochial expence, on the foundation of the former one, which was irreparably damaged by the hurricane of Auguſt, 1712.
    • 1702-1704, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion
      He [] came up to the English admiral and gave him a broadside, with which he killed many of his men and damaged the ship.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To undergo damage.

Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


  1. ^ damage in Cambridge Dictionary
  2. ^ damage in Collins Dictionary
  3. ^ damage in Longman Dictionary
  4. ^ damage (noun) in Macmillan Dictionary
  5. ^ damage (noun) in Oxford Learners' Dictionaries
  6. ^ “that I…brought faire beauty to so fowle a domage” (Thomas Watson, The tears of Fancie, or Love disdained, 1593); “…however, ’tis an unspeakable damage to him for want of his money.” (Daniel Defoe, Colonel Jack, 1840)

Old FrenchEdit


From Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum. Cognate with Old Occitan damnatge.


damage m (oblique plural damages, nominative singular damages, nominative plural damage)

  1. damage
  2. injury, hurt, insult

Related termsEdit


  • French: dommage
  • Norman: dommage
  • English: damage
  • Irish: damáiste
  • Sicilian: damaggiu