LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the adverb cauri, from the same stem as the adjective caurs (having a hole) (q.v.).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [tsāūɾ]
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

caur (with accusative)

  1. through (indicating movement through something else)
    jāt caur mežuto ride through the forest
    līst caur žoguto sneak through the fence
    saule iespīdēja caur loguthe sun shone through the window
    elpot caur degunu, caur mutito breathe through the nose, through the mouth
  2. through (simultaneously with, alternating with)
    smaidīt caur asāramto smile through the tears
    viņi runāja cits caur cituthey talked through each other (= at the same time)
  3. through, via (with someone's help or participation)
    saņemt ziņas caur tēvuto receive news through / via (one's) father

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “caurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *karuts, cognate with the Germanic tribal name Charudes.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

caur m (genitive caurad, nominative plural cauraid)

  1. hero, warrior
    • c. 1100, Táin Bó Cúailnge (Strachan 1944, p 6):
      Luid Conchobar íarum ⁊ cóeca cairptech imbi do neoch ba ṡruithem ⁊ ba airegdam inna caurad.
      Then he set off together and fifty chariot-warriors around him, from anyone who was the noblest and most illustrious of the heroes.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine t-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative caur cauraidL, caur cauraid
Vocative caur cauraidL, caur caurta
Accusative cauraidN cauraidL, caur caurta
Genitive caurad caurad cauradN
Dative cauraidL caurtaib caurtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Irish: cur
    • Irish: curadh

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
caur chaur caur
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “caur”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “kawaro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 196
  • Strachan, John, ed. (1944), Stories from the Táin. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy.

ScotsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Scottish Gaelic ceàrr (wrong, incorrect, immoral, astray; left), from Old Irish cerr (crooked, wry, maimed).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɑːr], [kɔːr]
  • (Northern Scots) IPA(key): [kaːr], [keːr], [kɛr]

AdjectiveEdit

caur (not comparable)

  1. left, left-handed
  2. awkward
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English carre, from Anglo-Norman carre, from Latin carra, neuter plural of carrus (four-wheeled baggage wagon).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɑːr], [kɔːr]
  • (Northern Scots, Insular Scots) IPA(key): [kaːr]

NounEdit

caur (plural caurs)

  1. car
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɑːr], [kɔːr]
  • (Northern Scots, Insular Scots) IPA(key): [kaːr]

NounEdit

caur

  1. plural of cauf