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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the adverb cauri, from the same stem as the adjective caurs ‎(having a hole) (q.v.).[1]

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

caur ‎(with accusative)

  1. through (indicating movement through something else)
    jāt caur mežu — to ride through the forest
    līst caur žogu — to sneak through the fence
    saule iespīdēja caur logu — the sun shone through the window
    elpot caur degunu, caur muti — to breathe through the nose, through the mouth
  2. through (simultaneously with, alternating with)
    smaidīt caur asāram — to smile through the tears
    viņi runāja cits caur citu — they talked through each other (= at the same time)
  3. through, via (with someone's help or participation)
    saņemt ziņas caur tēvu — to receive news through / via (one's) father

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “caurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *karuts, cognate with the Germanic tribal name Charudes.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

caur m ‎(genitive curad or caurad, nominative plural curaid or cauraid)

  1. hero, warrior

DeclensionEdit

QuotationsEdit

  • c. 1100, Táin Bó Cúailnge (Strachan 1944, p 6):
    Luid Conchobar íarum ⁊ cóeca cairptech imbi do neoch ba ṡruithem ⁊ ba airegdam inna caurad.
    Then he set off together and fifty chariot-warriors around him, from anyone who was the noblest and most illustrious of the heroes.
  • c. 1160, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 15:
    Fo chích curad / crechtaig, cathbuadaig, at comsa mac Findchoeme frim. [] Magen curad, / cride n-ega, eithre n-ela, / eirr trén tressa, trethan ágach, / cain tarb tnúthach.
    Under the breast of the hero / covered in wounds, victorious in battle, you are the son of Findchoem who is equal to me. [] Dwelling of a hero, / heart of ice, plumage of a swan / strong chariot-hero of battle, warlike sea, / beautiful fierce bull.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
caur chaur caur
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • caur” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “kawaro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 196
  • Strachan, John, ed. (1944), Stories from the Táin. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy.

ScotsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from Scottish Gaelic ceàrr ‎(wrong, incorrect, immoral, astray; left), from Old Irish cerr ‎(crooked, wry, maimed).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɑːr], [kɔːr]
  • (Northern Scots) IPA(key): [kaːr], [keːr], [kɛr]

AdjectiveEdit

caur ‎(not comparable)

  1. left, left-handed
  2. awkward
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English carre, from Anglo-Norman carre, from Latin carra, neuter plural of carrus ‎(four-wheeled baggage wagon).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɑːr], [kɔːr]
  • (Northern Scots, Insular Scots) IPA(key): [kaːr]

NounEdit

caur ‎(plural caurs)

  1. car
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɑːr], [kɔːr]
  • (Northern Scots, Insular Scots) IPA(key): [kaːr]

NounEdit

caur

  1. plural of cauf
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