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EnglishEdit

Centaurium erythaea

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English centaure, from Old English centaurie, from Medieval Latin centaurēa, centauria, from Latin centaurēum, centaurion, from Ancient Greek κενταύρειον ‎(kentaúreion, several plants related to Centaurea), from κένταυρος ‎(kéntauros, centaur) (due to the mythological discovery of its medicinal properties by Chiron the Centaur).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

centaury ‎(plural centauries)

  1. Any of the flowering plants in or formerly in the genus Centaurium.
    1. Centaurium, sensu stricto
    2. Gyrandra, a genus in Gentianaceae, formerly included in Centaurium, with species commonly called centaury
    3. Schenkia, a genus in Gentianaceae, formerly included in Centaurium, with species commonly called centaury
    4. Zeltnera, a New World genus in Gentianaceae, formerly included in Centaurium, with species commonly called centaury
  2. Any of diverse other plants:
    1. Centaurea, a genus in the Asteraceae containing species sometimes called centaury
    2. Cheirolophus crassifolius, a species in the Asteraceae commonly known as Maltese centaury
    3. Sabatia, a New World genus in the Gentianaceae containing species sometimes called centaury

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