Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From ciekać +‎ -awy, from ciec with a semantic shift of flowing > fast > running to learn something, get news > wanting to know something, interested in something.[1][2][3][4] First attested in 1562.[5]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ɕɛˈka.vɨ/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /t͡ɕɛˈka.vɨ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -avɨ
  • Syllabification: cie‧ka‧wy

Adjective edit

ciekawy (comparative ciekawszy, superlative najciekawszy, derived adverb ciekawie)

  1. (sometimes nominalized) curious, interested (wanting to find out more) [+genitive = about what]
    Antonym: nieciekawy
  2. curious, interested (characteristic of someone wanting to find out more)
    Synonym: zaciekawiony
  3. curious, interesting (evoking curiosity or interest in people)
    Synonyms: interesujący, zajmujący
    Antonym: nieciekawy
  4. (obsolete) willing (happy or wanting to do something)
    Synonyms: chętny, ochoczy, skory
  5. (obsolete) quick-witted; astute
    Synonyms: domyślny, przenikliwy
  6. (obsolete) clever; funny
    Synonym: dowcipny
  7. (obsolete) graceful
    Synonyms: zgrabny, zręczny
  8. (obsolete, hunting, of chase dogs) chasing by scent
  9. (Middle Polish, sometimes nominalized) fast, quick
    Synonyms: bystry, ruchliwy, prędki, szybki
  10. (Middle Polish, sometimes nominalized) restless
    Synonym: niespokojny

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
nouns
verbs

Related terms edit

adverbs

Descendants edit

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), ciekawy is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 19 times in scientific texts, 18 times in news, 8 times in essays, 16 times in fiction, and 30 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 91 times, making it the 694th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[6]

References edit

  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) “ciekawy”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Mańczak, Witold (2017) “ciekawy”, in Polski słownik etymologiczny (in Polish), Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności, →ISBN
  3. ^ Sławski, Franciszek (1958-1965) “ciekawy”, in Jan Safarewicz, Andrzej Siudut, editors, Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), Kraków: Towarzystwo Miłośników Języka Polskiego
  4. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “ciekawy”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  5. ^ Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “ciekawy”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  6. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “ciekawy”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 52

Further reading edit

Silesian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polish ciekawy. By surface analysis, ciykać +‎ -awy.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ɕɛˈkavɪ/
  • Rhymes: -avɪ
  • Syllabification: cie‧ka‧wy

Adjective edit

ciekawy (comparative ciekawszy, superlative nojciekawszy, derived adverb ciekawie)

  1. curious, interested (wanting to find out more)
  2. curious, interesting (evoking curiosity or interest in people)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

nouns

Related terms edit

verbs

Further reading edit