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From Latin cruciatus.



  1. In the form of a cross; cruciform.
  2. Overlapping or crossing.
  3. (obsolete) tormented.
    • John Bale’s The Image of Both Churches.
      In this life are they cruciate with a troublous and doubtfull conscience.
    • Sir Thomas Elyot, The Book of the Governor.
      Immediately I was so cruciate, that I desired— death to take me.

Derived termsEdit


cruciate (third-person singular simple present cruciates, present participle cruciating, simple past and past participle cruciated)

  1. (obsolete) To torture; to torment.
    • 1550, John Bale’s The Image of Both Churches.
      They vexed, tormented, and cruciated the weake consciences of men.
    • Joseph Glanvill, on the Preexistence of Souls.
      The thus miserably cruciated spirit must needs quit its unfit habitation.

Related termsEdit

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for cruciate in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)