Open main menu

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perfect passive participle of cruciō.

ParticipleEdit

cruciātus (feminine cruciāta, neuter cruciātum); first/second-declension participle

  1. crucified
  2. tortured

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cruciātus cruciāta cruciātum cruciātī cruciātae cruciāta
Genitive cruciātī cruciātae cruciātī cruciātōrum cruciātārum cruciātōrum
Dative cruciātō cruciātō cruciātīs
Accusative cruciātum cruciātam cruciātum cruciātōs cruciātās cruciāta
Ablative cruciātō cruciātā cruciātō cruciātīs
Vocative cruciāte cruciāta cruciātum cruciātī cruciātae cruciāta

AdjectiveEdit

cruciātus (feminine cruciāta, neuter cruciātum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. marked by a cross [from 12th century]

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cruciātus cruciāta cruciātum cruciātī cruciātae cruciāta
Genitive cruciātī cruciātae cruciātī cruciātōrum cruciātārum cruciātōrum
Dative cruciātō cruciātō cruciātīs
Accusative cruciātum cruciātam cruciātum cruciātōs cruciātās cruciāta
Ablative cruciātō cruciātā cruciātō cruciātīs
Vocative cruciāte cruciāta cruciātum cruciātī cruciātae cruciāta

NounEdit

cruciātus m (genitive cruciātūs); fourth declension

  1. torture (or the instruments of torture)
  2. torment, suffering
  3. ruin, calamity, misfortune
  4. a crusader [from 13th century]

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cruciātus cruciātūs
Genitive cruciātūs cruciātuum
Dative cruciātuī cruciātibus
Accusative cruciātum cruciātūs
Ablative cruciātū cruciātibus
Vocative cruciātus cruciātūs

Usage notesEdit

The adjective cruciātus had been used in the sense of "marked with a cross" from the 12th century; as a noun, cruciātus (often spelled with x in Middle Latin, cruxatus, croxatus, etc., also crucesignatus) was used of crusaders by the mid 13th century, from their practice of attaching a cloth cross symbol to their clothing.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit