From Middle English torture, from Old French torture, from Late Latin tortūra (“a twisting, writhing, of bodily pain, a griping colic;” in Middle Latin “pain inflicted by judicial or ecclesiastical authority as a means of persuasion, torture”), from Latin tortus (whence also tort), past participle of torquere (“to twist”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈtɔɹt͡ʃɚ/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtɔːt͡ʃə(ɹ)/
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)tʃə(ɹ)
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophone: torcher
- Hyphenation: tor‧ture
- intentional causing of somebody's experiencing agony
- 2014 January 1, Claire Kramsch, “Language and Culture”, in AILA Review, volume 27, number 5, John Benjamins, DOI:10.1075/aila.27.02kra, ISSN 1461-0213, page 35:
- If Cheney calls it enhanced interrogation, he argues, this still doesn’t change the meaning of the word torture, which Cheney and the public know perfectly well. But cognitive linguists like Lakoff (1996) remind us that the public can be manipulated into believing that torture is “merely” an enhanced interrogation technique and thus does not protest.
- 2015 November 30, Shane O'Mara, Why Torture Doesn’t Work: The Neuroscience of Interrogation, Harvard University Press, →ISBN, page 12:
- Santorum, in a comment regarding Senator John McCain's repudiation of torture, stated, "He doesn't understand how enhanced interrogation works. I mean, you break somebody, and after they've broken they become cooperative" (Summers 2011).
- Using large dogs to attack bound, hand-cuffed prisoners is clearly torture.
- In every war there are acts of torture that cause the world to shudder.
- (chiefly literary) the "suffering of the heart" imposed by one on another, as in personal relationships
- Every time she says 'goodbye' it is torture!
- Coventry City midfielder Josh Ruffels described his 11 months out injured as 'absolute torture' after the goalless draw with Derby County Under-21s. ()
- (colloquial) (often as "absolute torture") stage fright, severe embarrassment
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (transitive) To intentionally inflict severe pain or suffering on (someone).
- People who torture often have sadistic tendencies.
- In the aftermath of 9/11, we did some things that were wrong. We did a whole lot of things that were right, but, we tortured some folks. We did some things that were contrary to our values.
- torture in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- torture in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.
- torture at OneLook Dictionary Search
torture f (plural tortures)
- 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Volume I, Chapter I:
- Avec ces propos et d’autres semblables, le pauvre gentilhomme perdait le jugement. Il passait les nuits et se donnait la torture pour les comprendre, pour les approfondir, pour leur tirer le sens des entrailles, ce qu’Aristote lui-même n’aurait pu faire, s’il fût ressuscité tout exprès pour cela.
- (please add an English translation of this quote)
- With these passages and other similar ones, the poor gentleman lost his judgement. He spent his nights and gave himself torture to understand them, to consider them more deeply, to take from them their deepest meaning, which Aristotle himself would not have been able to do, had he been resurrected for that very purpose.
- first-person singular present indicative of
- third-person singular present indicative of
- first-person singular present subjunctive of
- third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of
- “torture” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- Rhymes: -ure
- plural of
- first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of torturar
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of torturar
- third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of torturar
- third-person singular (você) negative imperative of torturar
- Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of torturar.
- First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of torturar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of torturar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of torturar.