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LatinEdit

 
cunae reginae

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱoy-no- (lair, cradle), from *ḱey- (to lie down). Cognate with Ancient Greek κοίτη (koítē).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cūnae f (genitive cūnārum); first declension (usually plural)

  1. cradle
    • 8, Ovid, Fasti, book 6, line 167:
      Post illud nec aves cunas violasse feruntur,/ Et rediit puero, qui fuit ante, color.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (metonymically) nest of young birds
    • after 8, Ovid, Tristia, book 3, elegy 12, line 10:
      Utque malae crimen matris deponat hirundo,/ Sub trabibus cunas, parvaque tecta facit.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. (metonymically) birth or early childhood, infancy; compare cūnābulum
    • 8, Ovid, Metamorphoses, book 3, line 313:
      Furtim illum primis Ino matertera cunis/ Educat. inde datum Nymphae Nyseïdes antris/ Occuluere suis, lactisque alimenta dedere.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 8, Ovid, Metamorphoses, book 9, line 67:
      Cunarum labor est angues superare mearum,/ Dixit: et, ut vincas alios, Acheloë, dracones,/ Pars quota Lernaeae serpens eris unus Echidnae?
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Usage notesEdit

Although the singular forms do exist in Classical Latin, they were rarely used. The plural was normally used for a singular object.

InflectionEdit

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cūna cūnae
genitive cūnae cūnārum
dative cūnae cūnīs
accusative cūnam cūnās
ablative cūnā cūnīs
vocative cūna cūnae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cunae in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cunae in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cunae in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • cunae in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cunae in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill