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IrishEdit

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deichiú
    Personal : deichniúr

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

deich (triggers eclipsis)

  1. ten

Usage notesEdit

  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; triggers eclipsis:
  • deich gcatten cats
  • deich dtroitheten feet
  • deich n-uaireten times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular but only lenites after nouns in the plural when they end in slender consonants:
  • deich gcapall bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglais mhórathe ten big churches
But:
  • deich gcapaill bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglaisí mórathe ten big churches
  • With personal nouns, the personal form deichniúr is used.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
deich dheich ndeich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t.

NumeralEdit

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 20  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : dechmad

deich

  1. ten

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • deich” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish GaelicEdit

Scottish Gaelic cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deicheamh

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

deich

  1. (cardinal) ten

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • 2 deich n-” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.