IrishEdit

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deichiú
    Personal : deichniúr

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

deich (triggers eclipsis)

  1. ten

Usage notesEdit

  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; the singular is more common in general, but the plural must be used with units of measurement and the like. Triggers eclipsis:
  • deich gcatten cats
  • deich dtroitheten feet
  • deich n-uaireten times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular; after nouns in the plural, the adjective only lenites after slender consonants:
  • deich gcapall bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglais mhórathe ten big churches
But:
  • deich gcapaill bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglaisí mórathe ten big churches
  • When referring to human beings, the personal form deichniúr is used.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
deich dheich ndeich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

NumeralEdit

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 20  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : dechmad
    Personal : dechenbor

deich

  1. ten
DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: deich
  • Manx: jeih
  • Scottish Gaelic: deich

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

deich

  1. second-person singular imperative of do·fich

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
deich deich
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndeich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish GaelicEdit

Scottish Gaelic cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deicheamh

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

deich

  1. ten

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit