See also: Ten, TEN, tén, tèn, tên, and -ten

EnglishEdit

English numbers (edit)
100
 ←  9 10 11  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten
    Ordinal: tenth
    Multiplier: tenfold
    Fractional: tenth
 
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EtymologyEdit

 
Ten circles

From Middle English ten, tene, from Old English tīen, from Proto-Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥. Cognate with Scots ten, tene (ten), West Frisian tsien (ten), Saterland Frisian tjoon (ten), North Frisian tiin (ten), Dutch tien (ten), German zehn (ten), Norwegian ti (ten), Swedish tio (ten).

Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian dhjetë, Old Armenian տասն (tasn), Lithuanian dešimt, Old Church Slavonic десѧть (desętĭ), Old Breton dec, Old Irish deich, Ancient Greek δέκα (déka), Sanskrit दश (dásá), Old Persian *𐎭𐎰 (d-θ /daθa/), Latin decem, Tocharian A śäk.

See also teen.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

ten

  1. The number occurring after nine and before eleven, represented in Arabic numerals (base ten) as 10 and in Roman numerals as X.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See ten/translations § Numeral.

NounEdit

ten (countable and uncountable, plural tens)

  1. A set or group with ten elements.
    We divided the chocolates into tens to hand out to Hallowe'en visitors.
  2. (countable, card games) A card in a given suit with a value of ten.
  3. (countable) A denomination of currency, such as a banknote, with a value of ten units. See also tenner.
    Can you give me two tens for this twenty?
  4. (countable, US, slang) A perfect specimen, (particularly) a physically attractive person.
  5. (countable, US, slang) A high level of intensity. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  6. (countable, rowing) The act of rowing ten strokes flat out.
    • 1911, The Cambridge Review (volume 32, page 486)
      At the 1,000-metres post we gave a ten, which raised our lead to 1⅔ lengths; the Belgians were rowing hard, but one felt that they still had plenty of spurting power.
    • 1982, Stanley French, Aspects of Downing history (page 105)
      Morris gave a ten, and an unbelievable surge ran through the boat, one that I had never felt before.

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from the numeral or noun ten

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit


Playing cards in English · playing cards (layout · text)
             
ace deuce, two three four five six seven
             
eight nine ten jack, knave queen king joker, jolly joker

AnagramsEdit


CornishEdit

NounEdit

ten

  1. Hard mutation of den.
  2. Mixed mutation of den.

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ten m (demonstrative nominative singular masculine animate)

  1. the; this; that

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

A contraction of te + den.

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

ten

  1. to the, at the (followed by a masculine or neuter word)
    ten goede of ten kwadefor better or for worse
    ten delepartly
    ten tijde vanduring the time of

Usage notesEdit

ten is part of many fossilized idiomatic expressions. Being derived in part from te, it is followed by the (similarly fossilized) dative case.
ten is commonly used in Dutch family names such as Corrie ten Boom, Bernhard ten Brink, Marti ten Kate, and Simeon ten Holt.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

VerbEdit

ten

  1. third-person singular present indicative of ter
  2. second-person singular imperative of ter

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

  • Romanization of

ten

  1. Rōmaji transcription of てん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of テン

KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese ter.

VerbEdit

ten

  1. to have
  2. to possess

LithuanianEdit

AdverbEdit

ten

  1. there

Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

ten (feminine ta, neuter to, dual tej, plural te)

  1. this

DeclensionEdit


Middle DutchEdit

ContractionEdit

ten

  1. Contraction of te den.

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English tīen, in turn from Proto-Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

Middle English numbers (edit)
 ←  9 10 11  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten

ten

  1. ten
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: ten
  • Scots: ten

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse tennr, nominative indefinite plural of tǫnn (tooth).

NounEdit

ten

  1. plural of tothe

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tēn

  1. (Mercian) ten

ReferencesEdit

  1. A. L. Mayhew, M. A. Synopsis of Old English Phonology, 123

PipilEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nahuan *teːn-, from Proto-Uto-Aztecan *tïni. Compare Classical Nahuatl tēntli (lips).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

-tēn (plural -tejtēn)

  1. mouth
    Muchi tikishtukak tik muten kwak tishulutzin katka
    You used to put everything in your mouth when you were a little baby
  2. edge, brim
    Shiktema ishta ma ne at ajsi ne iten ne tzutzukul
    Fill it up until the water reaches the edge of the jug
  3. opening
    Inat ka ini tepet kishtia pukti tik iten
    They say this volcano expels smoke form its “opening” (its crater)

Derived termsEdit

RelationalEdit

-tēn

  1. on the edge, outside
    Tejchishket ka iten ne shaput
    They waited outside the cave

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ten m

  1. (demonstrative) this (nearby)

DeclensionEdit

Note: In the accusative singular, the form tego is used for masculine personal and animate nouns, while ten is used for masculine inanimate nouns.

Further readingEdit

  • ten in Polish dictionaries at PWN

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English ten, from Old English tīen, in turn from Proto-Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

cardinal number
10 Previous: nine
Next: eleiven

ten

  1. ten

ReferencesEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ten m

  1. (demonstrative) this (nearby)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ten in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ten

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of tener.

Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English time.

NounEdit

ten

  1. time

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

ten c

  1. a rod, a stick (of metal or wood)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of ten 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ten tenen tenar tenarna
Genitive tens tenens tenars tenarnas

See alsoEdit


TiangEdit

NounEdit

ten

  1. woman

Further readingEdit

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English ten.

NumeralEdit

ten

  1. ten

Usage notesEdit

Used when counting; see also tenpela.


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian تن(tan).

NounEdit

ten (definite accusative teni, plural tenler)

  1. skin
  2. body
  3. (dialectal) vulva of a cow

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative ten
Definite accusative teni
Singular Plural
Nominative ten tenler
Definite accusative teni tenleri
Dative tene tenlere
Locative tende tenlerde
Ablative tenden tenlerden
Genitive tenin tenlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular tenim tenlerim
2nd singular tenin tenlerin
3rd singular teni tenleri
1st plural tenimiz tenlerimiz
2nd plural teniniz tenleriniz
3rd plural tenleri tenleri

ReferencesEdit

  • ten”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

WestrobothnianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse tin, from Proto-Germanic *tiną.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ten n

  1. tin (chemical element)
    joʈ båʈi teɳęɳ
    made out of tin