Translingual edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English ten.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ten

  1. (international standards) NATO, ICAO, ITU & IMO radiotelephony code for 10, used only with o'clock to indicate direction

English edit

English numbers (edit)
100
 ←  1  ←  9 10 11  →  20  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten
    Ordinal: tenth
    Latinate ordinal: denary
    Adverbial: ten times
    Multiplier: tenfold
    Latinate multiplier: decuple
    Group collective: tensome
    Multipart collective: decuplet
    Greek or Latinate collective: decad, decade
    Metric collective prefix: deca-
    Greek collective prefix: deca-
    Latinate collective prefix: deca-
    Fractional: tenth
    Metric fractional prefix: deci-
    Elemental: decuplet
    Greek prefix: decato-
    Number of musicians: decet
    Number of years: decade, decennium
 
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Etymology edit

 
Ten circles

From Middle English ten, tene, from Old English tīen, from Proto-West Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥. Cognate with Scots ten, tene (ten), West Frisian tsien (ten), Saterland Frisian tjoon (ten), North Frisian tiin (ten). See also teen.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

ten

  1. The number occurring after nine and before eleven, represented in Arabic numerals (base ten) as 10 and in Roman numerals as X.

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Noun edit

ten (countable and uncountable, plural tens)

  1. A set or group with ten elements.
    We divided the chocolates into tens to hand out to Hallowe'en visitors.
  2. (in the plural) An inexact quantity, typically understood to be between 20 and 100.
    Our houses are tens of meters apart, so we don't have to worry about noise from our neighbours.
    tens of thousands of voters
  3. (countable, card games) A card in a given suit with a value of ten.
  4. (countable) A denomination of currency, such as a banknote, with a value of ten units.
    Synonym: tenner
    Can you give me two tens for this twenty?
  5. (countable, US, slang) A perfect specimen, (particularly) a physically attractive person.
    Synonym: dime piece
    • 2006 May 9, Penn Jillette, Michael Goudeau, quoting Chris, 22:22 from the start, in Penn Radio[2]:
      I was in the Woodley Park–Zoo in D.C. and mom and sister were waiting to see the pandas, so me and my pops broke away to check out the monkey house. Well, there was a beautiful teacher, I mean we're talking a ten, she was blond, had a low-cut dress on, just gorgeous. And she has about eight or nine students and she's pointing out all the different monkeys. And me and my dad noticed this huge orangutan kind of fiddling with himself. And on close [censored] And we kept checking it out and he was looking directly at the teacher. Well, a couple minutes passed by [censored] he proceeds to [censored] that's when the teacher noticed and, you know, took the kids away very hurriedly. But I looked at my dad and said, you know, they're so much like us.
    • 2023 September 11, Danielle Cohen, “Why Am I Attracted to My Coworker? Meet ‘The Office Ten’”, in New York Magazine[3]:
      An Office Ten is a person who falls somewhere between average to mildly good-looking in the world at large but skyrockets to wildly attractive within the confines of an open-concept desk plan.
  6. (countable, US, slang) A high level of intensity. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  7. (countable, rowing) The act of rowing ten strokes flat out.
    • 1911, The Cambridge Review, volume 32, page 486:
      At the 1,000-metres post we gave a ten, which raised our lead to 1⅔ lengths; the Belgians were rowing hard, but one felt that they still had plenty of spurting power.
    • 1982, Stanley French, Aspects of Downing history, page 105:
      Morris gave a ten, and an unbelievable surge ran through the boat, one that I had never felt before.

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Terms derived from the numeral or noun ten

Related terms edit

Translations edit

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See also edit


Playing cards in English · playing cards (layout · text)
             
ace deuce, two three four five six seven
             
eight nine ten jack, knave queen king joker

Anagrams edit

Atong (India) edit

Etymology edit

From English ten.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

ten (Bengali script তেন)

  1. ten

Synonyms edit

References edit

Bislama edit

Bislama cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : ten

Etymology edit

From English ten.

Numeral edit

ten

  1. ten

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ten

  1. second-person singular imperative of tenir
  2. second-person singular imperative of tindre

Usage notes edit

Generally, the imperative form ten is a contextual form of used when clitic pronouns (e.g., te) are attached to the end of the verb.

Cornish edit

Noun edit

ten

  1. Hard mutation of den.
  2. Mixed mutation of den.

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech ten, from Proto-Slavic *tъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ten

  1. the; this; that

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • ten in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ten in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • ten in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse teinn (stick).

Noun edit

ten

  1. a spindle; a rod or stick used together with a distaff to spin yarn
  2. in a spinning wheel or similar machine: the reel on which the finished yarn is spooled

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

A contraction of te + den.

Pronunciation edit

Contraction edit

ten

  1. to the, at the (followed by a masculine or neuter word)
    ten goede of ten kwadefor better or for worse
    ten delepartly
    ten tijde vanduring the time of

Usage notes edit

ten is part of many fossilized idiomatic expressions. Being derived in part from te, it is followed by the (similarly fossilized) dative case.
ten is commonly used in Dutch family names such as Corrie ten Boom, Bernhard ten Brink, Marti ten Kate, and Simeon ten Holt.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Alternative forms edit

  • tem (Reintegrationist)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ten

  1. has; third-person singular present indicative of ter
    A cervexa ten en Galicia unha longa historia.
    Beer has a long history in Galicia.
  2. inflection of ter:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

References edit

  • ten” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

  • Romanization of

ten

  1. Rōmaji transcription of てん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of テン

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese ter.

Verb edit

ten

  1. to have
  2. to possess

Karaim edit

Etymology edit

From Ultimately from Middle Chinese (MC tojX|tongX, “to equate”).

Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (teŋ, equal, equivalent, appropriate); Crimean Tatar teñ, Karachay-Balkar тенг (teñ), Kumyk тенг (teñ), Urum тэнг (teŋ), Kazakh тең (teñ, equal), Southern Altai теҥ (teŋ, equal) Uzbek teng (equal), Turkish denk (equal, equivalent), Shor тең, Yakut тэҥ (teñ, equal).

Adjective edit

ten

  1. equal

References edit

  • N. A. Baskakov, S.M. Šapšala, editor (1973), “ten”, in Karaimsko-Russko-Polʹskij Slovarʹ [Karaim-Russian-Polish Dictionary], Moscow: Moskva, →ISBN

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tъ.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛn/
  • Syllabification: ten

Pronoun edit

ten

  1. this (nearby)

Further reading edit

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893) “ten”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego[4] (in Kashubian), page 213
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “ten”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[5], volume 2, page 1130
  • ten”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Lithuanian edit

Adverb edit

ten

  1. there

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

ten (feminine ta, neuter to, dual tej, plural te)

  1. this

Declension edit

Middle Dutch edit

Contraction edit

ten

  1. Contraction of te den.

Middle English edit

Middle English numbers (edit)
100
[a], [b] ←  1  ←  9 10 11  →  20  → 
1[a], [b]
    Cardinal: ten
    Ordinal: tenthe, tithe

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English tīen.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

ten

  1. ten
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: ten
  • Scots: ten
  • Yola: dhen
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old English tēon, from Proto-West Germanic *teuhan (to pull, lead), from Proto-Germanic *teuhaną (to draw, lead, bring, pull, help), from Proto-Indo-European *dewk- (to pull, lead).

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

ten (third-person singular simple present teth, present participle teende, teynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative tegh, past participle towen)

  1. (transitive) To draw; lead.
  2. (intransitive) To draw away; go; proceed.
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Norse tennr, nominative indefinite plural of tǫnn (tooth).

Noun edit

ten

  1. plural of tothe

Northern Kurdish edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic طَعْن (ṭaʕn, piercing, attack, criticism).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ten m or f

  1. scolding, reproach, censure, blame, criticism, mockery, ridicule
  2. threat

References edit

  • Chyet, Michael L. (2003) “ten”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary[6], with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 604

Old Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ten

  1. this (nearby)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

See also edit

References edit

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

See tien

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

tēn

  1. (Mercian) ten

References edit

  1. A. L. Mayhew, M. A. Synopsis of Old English Phonology, 123

Old Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tъ. First attested in the 14th century.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /tɛːn/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ten/

Pronoun edit

ten

  1. this (nearby)

Declension edit

This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

References edit

Pipil edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Nahuan *teːn-, from Proto-Uto-Aztecan *tïni. Compare Classical Nahuatl tēntli (lips).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

-tēn (plural -tejtēn)

  1. mouth
    Muchi tikishtukak tik muten kwak tishulutzin katka
    You used to put everything in your mouth when you were a little baby
  2. edge, brim
    Shiktema ishta ma ne at ajsi ne iten ne tzutzukul
    Fill it up until the water reaches the edge of the jug
  3. opening
    Inat ka ini tepet kishtia pukti tik iten
    They say this volcano expels smoke form its “opening” (its crater)

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

-tēn

  1. on the edge, outside
    Tejchishket ka iten ne shaput
    They waited outside the cave

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ten. Cognate with Russian тот (tot), Lithuanian tas, Ancient Greek (ho, the), German der (the), English the.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ten

  1. this (nearby)

Usage notes edit

1The feminine accusative singular form is proscribed, but overall much more common.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

pronouns

Related terms edit

Particle edit

ten

  1. filler word
    A no, ten...Ah, yeah...

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), ten is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 1196 times in scientific texts, 782 times in news, 1457 times in essays, 1080 times in fiction, and 1228 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 5743 times, making it the 10th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “ten”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 600

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French teint.

Noun edit

ten n (plural tenuri)

  1. color of the face

Declension edit

Scots edit

Scots cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : ten

Etymology edit

From Middle English ten.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

ten

  1. ten

References edit

Slovak edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ten m

  1. the; this; that

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • ten”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈten/ [ˈt̪ẽn]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -en
  • Syllabification: ten

Verb edit

ten

  1. second-person singular imperative of tener

Sranan Tongo edit

Etymology edit

From English time.

Noun edit

ten

  1. time
    • 1975, Mighty Botai (lyrics and music), “Sranang Kong Fri”, in Onafhankelijkheid (Srefidensi) Suriname:
      Atleba ten no sa de moro ini Sranan / Den bakra, den ben hori wi na baka / Den de bow den kondre kon na fesi / Meki wi e pina
      The period of toiling will be no more in Suriname / The Dutch, they held us back / They built up their country successfully / Made us suffer

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

ten

  1. Romanization of 𒋼 (ten)

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Swedish ten, from Old Norse teinn (sprout, twig, branch).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ten c

  1. a rod, a stick (of metal or wood)

Declension edit

Declension of ten 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ten tenen tenar tenarna
Genitive tens tenens tenars tenarnas

See also edit

Tiang edit

Noun edit

ten

  1. woman

Further reading edit

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Tok Pisin edit

Tok Pisin numbers (edit)
100
 ←  1  ←  9 10 11  →  20  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten

Etymology edit

From English ten.

Numeral edit

ten

  1. ten

Usage notes edit

Used when counting; see also tenpela.

Coordinate terms edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish تن (ten), from Persian تن (tan).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ten (definite accusative teni, plural tenler)

  1. skin
  2. body
  3. (dialectal) vulva of a cow

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative ten
Definite accusative teni
Singular Plural
Nominative ten tenler
Definite accusative teni tenleri
Dative tene tenlere
Locative tende tenlerde
Ablative tenden tenlerden
Genitive tenin tenlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenim tenlerim
2nd singular tenin tenlerin
3rd singular teni tenleri
1st plural tenimiz tenlerimiz
2nd plural teniniz tenleriniz
3rd plural tenleri tenleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimi tenlerimi
2nd singular tenini tenlerini
3rd singular tenini tenlerini
1st plural tenimizi tenlerimizi
2nd plural teninizi tenlerinizi
3rd plural tenlerini tenlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenime tenlerime
2nd singular tenine tenlerine
3rd singular tenine tenlerine
1st plural tenimize tenlerimize
2nd plural teninize tenlerinize
3rd plural tenlerine tenlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimde tenlerimde
2nd singular teninde tenlerinde
3rd singular teninde tenlerinde
1st plural tenimizde tenlerimizde
2nd plural teninizde tenlerinizde
3rd plural tenlerinde tenlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimden tenlerimden
2nd singular teninden tenlerinden
3rd singular teninden tenlerinden
1st plural tenimizden tenlerimizden
2nd plural teninizden tenlerinizden
3rd plural tenlerinden tenlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimin tenlerimin
2nd singular teninin tenlerinin
3rd singular teninin tenlerinin
1st plural tenimizin tenlerimizin
2nd plural teninizin tenlerinizin
3rd plural tenlerinin tenlerinin

References edit

  • ten”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982