AfrikaansEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Dutch deugd, from Middle Dutch dōget, from Old Dutch *dugeth, from Proto-Germanic *dugunþō (usefulness, virtue), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewgʰ- (to be ready, be sufficient).

NounEdit

deug (plural deugde)

  1. virtue
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch deugen, from Middle Dutch dōgen, from Old Dutch dugan, from Proto-Germanic *duganą.

VerbEdit

deug (present deug, present participle deugende, past participle gedeug)

  1. (intransitive) to be appropriate, to be adequate, to be fitting
  2. (intransitive) to be decent, to be virtuous

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -øːx

VerbEdit

deug

  1. first-person singular present indicative of deugen
  2. imperative of deugen

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

If related to Welsh diod (drink), from Proto-Celtic *dī-āti-s, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁(y)- (to suck). Possibly also cognate with Lithuanian dažyti (to paint, dye).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

deug f (genitive dige)

  1. drink
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 27a24
      Nachib·mided .i. nachib·berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, inna ndig et a mbiad, inna llíthu et a ssapati, act bad foirbthe far n‑iress.
      Let him not judge you, i.e. do not be borne into the institutions of the Law of the Old Testament, into their drink and their food, into their festivals and their sabbaths; but let your faith be perfect.
  2. draught
  3. potion

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative deugL digL deugaH
Vocative deugL digL deugaH
Accusative digN digL deugaH
Genitive digeH deugL deugN
Dative digL deugaib deugaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Irish: deog, deoch
    • Irish: deoch
    • Manx: jough
    • Scottish Gaelic: deoch

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
deog deog
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndeog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “diod”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “deug”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page deog

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish déc, from Old Irish deec, deac, from Proto-Celtic *dekam-kʷe (literally and ten), with loss of the first k by dissimilation.[1] Cognate with Irish déag and Manx jeig.

NumeralEdit

deug

  1. -teen

Usage notesEdit

  • Isn't used as a suffix, but as a separate word:
    ochd - eight
    ochd deug - eighteen

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Schrijver, Peter (1993), “Varia IV. OIr. dëec, dëac”, in Ériu, volume 44, pages 181–84