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See also: Äon

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BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Breton oun, from Proto-Celtic *obno- (fear) (compare Welsh ofn, Cornish own, Old Irish ómun).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aon m

  1. fear

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Numeral:

Determiner:

  • IPA(key): /eːnˠ/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: éan

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish óen, from Proto-Celtic *oinos (compare Welsh un), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (compare Latin ūnus, Old English ān).

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : aon
    Ordinal : céad, aonú
    Personal : aonar
    Attributive : (aon)...amháin

NumeralEdit

aon (triggers lenition (except of d, s, and t))

  1. one
Usage notesEdit
  • This form is used independently and cannot be used before nouns without the further modifier amháin (only) (with which it is not required), the definite article, or a possessive determiner (when used by itself with nouns, it means "any"; see following section). Unlike 2–10 and 12, aon can be used to refer to people; the personal form aonar is largely confined in the meaning of “one person” to literary usage and is usually used idiomatically to mean “alone” or “single”. When used independently, it is always preceded by the particle a, which mutates it to haon:
  • a haon, a dó, a trí...
    one, two, three...
  • bus a haon
    bus number one
  • a haon a chlog
    one o’clock
But:
  • (aon)amháin
    one day
  • aon chrann amháin/crann amháin
    one tree
  • an t-aon duine
    the one person
  • m'aon chara
    my one friend
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • amháin
  • duine (used as a pronoun to refer to human beings)
  • ceann (used as a pronoun to refer to non-humans)
  • céad (ordinal)

DeterminerEdit

aon (triggers lenition (except of d, s, and t))

  1. any
    aon bhádany boat

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

aon m (genitive singular aoin, nominative plural aoin)

  1. (masonry) breast, chimney-piece
  2. (nautical, of boat)) front part of gunwale
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aon n-aon haon t-aon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "aon" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • óen” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “aon” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “aon” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ManxEdit

NounEdit

aon f (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. Alternative form of awin

Scottish GaelicEdit

Scottish Gaelic cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : aon
    Ordinal : ciad

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish óen, from Proto-Celtic *oinos (compare Welsh un), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (compare Latin unus, Old English ān).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

aon

  1. one

Usage notesEdit

  • Lenites the following word if it begins with b, c, f, g, m or p.
  • When standing alone, preceded by a h-:
    Tha aon cheist agam.I have one question.
    Tha a h-aon agam cuideachd.I have one as well.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

aon

  1. any
  2. same

NounEdit

aon m (genitive singular aoin)

  1. (card games) ace

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aon n-aon h-aon t-aon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • óen” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

VilamovianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aon f (plural ann)

  1. harvest