Breton edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Breton oun, from Proto-Celtic *oβnus (fear) (compare Welsh ofn, Cornish own, Old Irish ómun).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aon m

  1. fear

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Numeral:

Determiner:

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish óen,[4] from Proto-Celtic *oinos (compare Welsh un), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (compare Latin ūnus, Old English ān).

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : aon
    Ordinal : céad, aonú
    Personal : aonar
    Attributive : (aon)...amháin

Numeral edit

aon (triggers lenition except of d, s, and t)

  1. one
Usage notes edit
  • Used independently; cannot be used before nouns without the further modifier amháin (only) (with which it is not required), the definite article, or a possessive determiner (when used by itself with nouns, it means "any"; see following section). Unlike 2–10 and 12, aon can be used to refer to people; the personal form aonar is largely confined in the meaning of “one person” to literary usage and is usually used idiomatically to mean “alone” or “single”. When used independently, it is always preceded by the particle a, which mutates it to haon:
  • a haon, a dó, a trí...one, two, three...
  • bus a haonbus number one
  • a haon a chlogone o’clock
But:
  • (aon)amháinone day
  • aon chrann amháin/crann amháinone tree
  • an t-aon duinethe one person
  • m'aon charamy one friend
Derived terms edit
See also edit
  • amháin
  • duine (used as a pronoun to refer to human beings)
  • ceann (used as a pronoun to refer to non-humans)
  • céad (ordinal)

Determiner edit

aon (triggers lenition except of d, s, and t)

  1. any
    aon bhádany boat

Noun edit

aon m (genitive singular aoin, nominative plural aonta)

  1. (card games) ace
Declension edit
See also edit
Playing cards in Irish · cártaí imeartha (layout · text)
             
aon trí ceathair cúig seacht
             
ocht naoi deich cuireata banríon fear na gcrúb, buachaill mór

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

aon m (genitive singular aoin, nominative plural aoin)

  1. (masonry) breast, chimneypiece
  2. (nautical, of boat)) front part of the gunwale
Declension edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aon n-aon haon t-aon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, § 89, page 49
  2. 2.0 2.1 Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 72, page 31
  3. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 94
  4. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “óen”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Further reading edit

Manx edit

Noun edit

aon f (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. Alternative form of awin

Scottish Gaelic edit

Scottish Gaelic numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: aon
    Standalone: a h-aon
    Ordinal: ciad
    Ordinal abbreviation: 1d
    Personal: aonar
    Multiplier: aon-fhillte, singilte
    Fractional: iomlan

Etymology edit

From Old Irish óen, from Proto-Celtic *oinos (compare Welsh un), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (compare Latin unus, Old English ān).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɯ̃ːn/ (stressed), /ən/ (unstressed)
  • (file)

Numeral edit

aon (+ lenition except of d, s, and t)

  1. one

Usage notes edit

  • Lenites the following word if it begins with b, c, f, g, m or p.
  • When standing alone, preceded by a h-:
    Tha aon cheist agam.I have one question.
    Tha a h-aon agam cuideachd.I have one as well.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Adjective edit

aon

  1. any
  2. same

Noun edit

aon m (genitive singular aoin)

  1. (card games) ace

Mutation edit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aon n-aon h-aon t-aon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “aon”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “óen”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Unami edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Algonquian *awanwi (it is fog, it is foggy). Cognate with Munsee awán (it is fog), Ojibwe awan (it is foggy, it is fog), Mohegan-Pequot awan (it is foggy, there is fog).

Verb edit

aon

  1. (inanimate, intransitive) to be foggy, it is fog
  2. fog, mist

References edit

  • Rementer, Jim; Pearson, Bruce L. (2005), “aon”, in Leneaux, Grant; Whritenour, Raymond, editors, The Lenape Talking Dictionary, The Lenape Language Preservation Project

Vilamovian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aon f (plural ann)

  1. harvest