From diaspora + -al (suffix forming adjectives; or forming nouns, especially of some verbal action). Diaspora is derived from Ancient Greek διασπορά (diasporá, “dispersion”), from διασπείρω (diaspeírō, “to scatter”), from διά- (diá-, prefix indicating motion across or in all directions) + σπείρω (speírō, “to sow”) (from Proto-Indo-European *sper- (“to fidget, twitch; to push; to be quick”), *sperH- (“to kick”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /daɪˈæspəɹəl/, /daɪˈæspɹəl/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /daɪˈæspəɹəl/, /di-/, /-pɹəl/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Hyphenation: di‧a‧spor‧al
- Pertaining to a diaspora.
- Synonym: diasporic (some senses)
- 1973, Neil J. McEleney, “Orthodoxy in Judaism of the First Christian Century”, in Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman Period, volume IV, number 1, Leiden: E[vert] J[an] Brill, ISSN 0047-2212, JSTOR 24656284, OCLC 1039285202, page 33:
- But to speak of a diasporal point of view of particular sects, or of the view of sects concerning the Jews of the Diaspora as a whole, would be misleading as too vague.
- 1998 fall, Steven Nelson, “What is Black Art?”, in Art Journal, volume 57, number 3, New York, N.Y.: College Art Association, DOI:10.2307/777978, ISSN 0004-3249, JSTOR 777978, OCLC 1081085927, page 92, column 1:
- However, unlike those earlier works, [Richard J.] Powell attempts to show these processes through the cultural forces that have shaped twentieth-century diasporal concerns.
- 2008, Christopher N. Okonkwo, “Binary Nativity, Subjectivity, and the Wages of (In)Fidelity to ‘Origins’: The Between”, in A Spirit of Dialogue: Incarnations of Ợgbañje, the Born-to-die, in African American Literature, Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, →ISBN, page 108:
- They excitedly departed for the motherland only to relive Okonkwo's post-exile epiphany: a noteworthy and implicitly parabolic moment whose resonances of African diasporal experience are unmistakable.
- 2017 August 2, Henry Jeffrey, “Thinking diaspora”, in Stabroek News, Georgetown, Guyana: Guyana Publications, OCLC 225521136, archived from the original on 27 September 2017:
- The Action Plan promised to: '[...] promote diasporal representation in the National Assembly and explore the reintroduction of diasporal voting at general elections; [...]'
diasporal (plural diasporals)
- (chemistry, medicine) A diluted colloidal solution of some compound.
- 1923, A. G. DuMez, “Report on the Progress of Pharmacy 1923”, in Year Book of the American Pharmaceutical Association, volume 12, Chicago, Ill.: American Pharmaceutical Association, published 1925, OCLC 5356587, section D.4 (Trade-named Preparations), page 165:
- Diasporals is the name given to a series of colloidal solutions of certain elements and compounds in a high state of dispersion. Calomel, iron, sulphur and bismuth are some of the diasporals which are now on the market.
- 1923 October 20, Venereal Disease Information: Issued by the United States Public Health Service for Use in Its Cooperative Work with the State Health Departments, volume IV, number 10, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, OCLC 795836737, section IV (Treatment), page 415:
- Treatment of syphilis with colloidal mercury preparations.—Ludwig Zweig, Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, Berlin, June 29, 1923, p. 851. Intravenous injections of colloidal calomel were attempted. When severe reactions occurred, this was abandoned for calomel-diasporal, which contains in 1.5 c. c. of fluid, 15 mg. calomel.
- 1934, Charles Alexander Waters and Ira L. Kaplan, editors, The Year Book of Radiology, Chicago, Ill.: Year Book Medical Publishers, ISSN 0084-3989, OCLC 802454470, page 370:
- Nahmmacher and Ernst have used sulphur diasporal during radiotherapy in a number of cases of carcinoma as a preparation for treatment by injection of radioactive bismuth diasporal 360 and have been favorably impressed by the results. Ernst suggests that sulphur diasporal may have an influence on gluthatione formation.
- 1935 July, S. C. Woldenberg, “Sulphur (Colloidal) Therapy in the Treatment of Arthritis”, in Martin Cooley, editor, The Medical Bulletin of the Veterans’ Administration, volume 12, number 1, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, ISSN 0196-5891, OCLC 923929815, page 19:
- A course of colloidal sulphur (sulphur diasporal) is given, 2 ampules, 10 milligrams each, every other day, intravenously. [...] This is supplemented by a course of colloidal sulphur (sulphur diasporal) 2 ampules, 20 milligrams each, for intramuscular medication, given in the gluteal region for 10 doses every other day.
- 1998, G. O. Ajayi; E. O. Fadiran, “Short Time Effect of Chemiron (a Combination Iron Preparation), Single Iron, and Different Magnesium Salts on Plasma. Magnesium Concentration During Early Pregnancy in Nigerian Women. A Preliminary Report.”, in Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, volume 25, number 1–2, Montreal, Que.: IROG Canada, ISSN 0390-6663, OCLC 823231123, PMID 9743888, abstract, page 64:
- In this study, we examined the short-term effect of magnesium asphat HCL (614.18 mgMG), magnesium diasporal (magnesium citrate 610 mg + magnesium laevalitat 30 mg = 100 mg magnesium = 8.2 mval), ferrous gluconate (300 mg) plus folic acid and chemiron, a new combination hematinic agent (ferrous fumarate 300 mg, folic acid 5 mg, vitamin B12 10 mg, vitamin C 25 mg, magnesium sulfate 0.3 mg and zinc sulfate 0.3 mg) on plasma magnesium concentration during early pregnancy in Nigerian women.